150+ Unbelievable Facts About Bangladesh You Don't Know!

Facts About Bangladesh: Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. India and Myanmar are border countries. It is a country of Bengali descent like West Bengal in India. As the name implies. Bangladesh emerged as the eastern province of Pakistan in the Partition of India. Initially, the name was East Pakistan. The British wanted to make part of Pakistan part of the Muslim-majority areas of Bengal Decided.

But the fact that it is more than 1600 km away from the administrative center has caused unrest among the people of East Pakistan. More than that, the neglect they faced from West Pakistan nurtured in them the idea of ​​a new country. Thus, Bangladesh became an independent nation in 1971 with the support of the Indian War.

Bangladesh is characterized by low land area and high population. Bangladesh ranks 100th in area and seventh in terms of population. Political instability, frequent hurricanes and tidal surges are undermining the economic security of this small country. It is one of the poorest countries in the world.

150+ Unbelievable Facts About Bangladesh You Don't Know!

150+ Amazing Facts About Bangladesh

  • Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh.
  • Renowned British journalist Tasmin Lucia Khan is of Bengali descent.
  • The Magpie Robin (or Doyel or Doel) is the national bird of Bangladesh.
  • At just 85m, Bangladesh has one of the world’s lowest average elevations.
  • One of the fastest growing telecommunications markets in the world is Bangladesh. 
  • The national flower of Bangladesh is the white-flowered water lily, called Shapla.
  • Bangladesh has the second highest foreign exchange reserves in South Asia after India.
  • With a total of 156.6 inhabitants, Bangladesh’s population is ranked 8th in the world.
  • Bangladesh was under military rule for 15 years before democracy was restored in 1990.
  • It has two main religious festivals, eid-ul-azha, and eid-ul fitr, observed after Ramadan.
  • Bangladesh has the third largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan.
  • Bangladesh has a privately owned, outspoken, and diverse media. There are over 1000 newspapers.
  • There are eight administrative divisions. These have 64 districts. Each district has sub districts.
  • The Bengal Tiger is Bangladesh’s national animal. The national cricket team is known as the Tigers.
  • Almost half of the Bangladeshi population (45%) are farmers. Farming makes up 18% of the nation’s GDP.
  • There are over 700 rivers found here, with the most scenic ones including Meghna, Jamuna, and the Padma.
  • The largest economic aid provider of Bangladesh is Japan. These two nations have common political goals.

Facts About Bangladesh Culture

  • Bangladesh has a market-based mixed economy. The Bangladeshi private sector has greatly grown since 1991.
  • The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world. The bay occupies an area of around 2,173,000 square km.
  • Despite widespread farming in Bangladesh, the biggest exports in the country come from the garment industry.
  • The national animal of Bangladesh is the Royal bengal tiger. It has a roar that can be heard up to 3 km away.
  • Mahasthangarh is the oldest city. The old archaeological site has a history that dates back to around 300 BCE.
  • The largest economic hub of Bangladesh is Dhaka. It is the largest urban economic centre of South Eastern Asia.
  • The major festival in Bangladesh is the Bengali New year. Other common festivals are Eid al-Fitr and Christmas.
  • The Bay of Bengal, bounded by India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Maldives, and Sri Lanka, is the biggest bay in the world.
  • Today, nearly 90% of Bangladeshis are Muslim with the legal system a mixture of Islamic law and English common law.
  • Likewise, Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital city, is the world’s most densely populated city with 44,500 people per sq km.
  • The alluvial soils deposited by the rivers make Bangladesh's soils some of the most fertile delta soils in the world.
  • India and Bangladesh have very strong ties because of a shared history. India supported the independence of Bangladesh.
  • They include the local ceramics industry and the steel industry. The world’s 20th largest cement producer is Bangladesh.
  • The US is the largest export market for Bangladeshi products. It is also the third largest source of import for Bangladesh. 
  • Bangladesh has the fifth largest number of green jobs on earth. Solar panels power a considerable part of the national grid.
  • The national Parliament of Bangladesh is one of the largest legislative centers. It occupies 200 acres (800,000 m²) of land.
  • They include agriculture, pharmaceuticals, electronics, chemicals, shipbuilding, textile, leather goods, and food processing.
  • Bangladesh has a shortage of rocks for construction. They make bricks and break them to be used as rocks during construction.
  • In Bangladesh, there are around 300,000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar. They live in refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh.
  • The highest point in Bangladesh is the Saka Haphong in the southeastern Mowdok Range, which has a height of 1,052 m (3,451 ft).
  • One of the key points about Bangladesh is its textile industry. Most of Bangladesh’s export earnings come from its textile sector.
  • The locals seldom smile, not because they are generally unfriendly, but it’s considered a sign of immaturity if you smile too much.

Facts About Bangladesh Food

  • Bangladesh is a founding member of SAARC. The purpose of this organization is to promote cultural and economic growth in South Asia.
  • Bangladesh is bound to Middle East countries by religion and culture. There are many Bangladeshi migrant workers in the Gulf States.
  • More than 2,000 periodicals and daily newspapers are published in Bangladesh, despite the country’s readership standing at only 15%.
  • In Bangladesh, the left hand is considered to be unclean. The right hand is used when eating, passing food, or passing business cards.
  • In 1971, Bangladesh became fully independent following a nine-month war with Pakistan, with India backing Bangladesh against Pakistan.
  • Bangladesh is a Muslim majority country. It joined the OIC in 1973. In the past, Bangladesh hosted the Summit of OIC Foreign Ministers.
  • Bangladesh is one of the most disaster prone areas in the world. Cyclones and floods have killed thousands and impeded economic growth.
  • There are no official diplomatic relations between Bangladesh and Pakistan because of Pakistan’s denial of the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
  • In South Asia, Bangladesh has the second largest banking industry. The main financial market of the country is the Dhaka Stock Exchange.
  • As such, Bangladesh is one of the countries most at risk from rising sea levels. At least 300m people risk losing their homes to flooding.
  • Bangladesh is strategically located between Eastern, Southern, and Southeast Asia. That makes it a vital promoter of regional connectivity.
  • Bangladesh is a parliamentary republic. Bangladesh has a 350-member parliament and a prime minister. The president plays a ceremonial role.
  • The largest manufacturing sector of Bangladesh is the Ready Made Garments industry. Bangladesh also has leather goods manufacturing sector.
  • The Historical Sixty Dome Mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. Khan Jahan Ali planned to make it when Bangladesh was a part of British Government.
  • Bangladesh shares land borders with Myanmar and India. China, Bhutan, and Nepal do not have land borders with Bangladesh but they are near it.
  • It has around 15 airports, one large airport, eight medium airports, and six small airports. The country only has three international airports.

Weird Facts About Bangladesh

  • As at 2013, an estimated 97% of the Bangladeshi population has access to improved water sources. This is a high level for a developing country.
  • In 2015, Bangladesh was the 26th best global IT outsourcing destination. Bangladesh has a space agency developed with help of the United States.
  • In 1986, Humayun Rashid Choudhury, a Bangladeshi, became the president of the UN General Assembly. Before that, he was a Bengali career diplomat.
  • Microfinance started in Bangladesh. Muhammad Yunus of Grameen Bank started it. As at 2015, Bangladesh has over 35 million microfinance borrowers.
  • The Sixty Dome Mosque was affirmed by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 1985. This is the largest mosque in Bangladesh from the Sultanate period.
  • Bangladesh is one of those countries that are vulnerable to climate change. Rising sea levels are likely to create climate refugees in Bangladesh.
  • In Bangladeshi cuisine, the staple is white rice. The major source of proteins is fish. Meat consumption includes duck, mutton, chicken, and beef.
  • The word Bangladesh means “the people of Bengal” in the local Bangla language. The country's official name is the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
  • Myanmar was one of the first nations to recognize Bangladesh. However, the Rohingya refugee issue has strained relationships between both countries.
  • The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. The city was founded in 1608 CE and it has a population of 17 million. It is referred to as the City of Mosques.
  • In South Asia, Bangladesh is the country with the highest level of gender equality. It ranks third in South Asia in peacefulness and life expectancy.
  • Bangladesh has a young population. Individuals under 14 years constitute 27% the population. Those 65 years or older constitute 5% of the population.
  • The country’s mother tongue is Bangla, and there have been several heroic sacrifices in the history of this country to preserve its official language.
  • Its national anthem is “My Golden Bengal,” and was written in 1905 by Rabindranath Tagore. Its modern instrumental rendition was rearranged by Samar Das.
  • Its GDP was USD 350 Billion in 2021, and this figure is projected to reach around USD 400 Billion in 2022. Its GDP is still higher than that of Pakistan.

Fun Facts About Bangladesh

  • Bangladesh has an Ismailia community. There are also Urdu- speaking immigrants. In 2008, Bangladesh’s parliament granted citizenship to stranded Pakistanis.
  • Dhaka is among the top 5 worlds most densely populated cities with 7 million. Data reports indicated 29,029 people per square kilometre in this city in 2020.
  • Bangladesh has a BB- long-term credit rating awarded by Standard & Poors in 2010. This rating is above that of Sri Lanka and Pakistan but below that of India.
  • Similarly, Bangladesh is one of the least obese countries in the world. A 2017 study ranked Bangladesh as the third least obese nation after India and Vietnam.
  • Which hand should you use while here? Well, you should always shake hands or pass things with your right hand. Using your left hand is generally considered rude.
  • Due to its low-lying elevation, the ground in Bangladesh has never frozen. The coldest temperature on record is a low of 4.5°C in Jessore during the winter of 2011.
  • The highest court in Bangladesh is the Supreme Court. The head of the judiciary is the Chief Justice of Bangladesh. There are metropolitan courts and district courts.
  • Bangladesh has six seasons instead of four. It has grismo (summer), barsha (rainy season), sharat (autumn), hemanto (cool season), sheet (winter), and bashonto (spring).
  • The current government system involves the prime minister as the head of state. Elections are held every five years, and a president can only serve a maximum of two terms.
  • Bangladesh has very fertile lands. Thus, agriculture is a primary economic activity. Bangladesh is a top producer of farmed fish, jute, tropical fruits, potatoes, and rice.
  • Bangladesh’s population grew from 44 million in 1951 to 163 million in 2016. Between the 1960s and 1970s, Bangladesh had one of the highest population growth rates in the world.
  • The rich vegetarian diet also means that this is one of the least obese countries globally. It’s the 2nd country in the world after Vietnam with the least level of adult obesity.
  • In the past, Bangladeshi aid agencies have offered crucial assistance in many developing nations. BRAC is a Bangladeshi NGO that benefited more than 12 million people in Afghanistan.

Historical Facts About Bangladesh

  • Most Bangladeshis are Bengalis. They form 98% of the population. Among Bengalis, the predominant majority is Bengali Muslims, followed by Bengalis Hindus, and then Bengali Christians.
  • The vast majority of Bangladesh’s exports – nearly 95% – come from textiles (knitwear and leather). Textiles account for over $37 billion of the country’s $39.2 billion total exports.
  • Bangladesh has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Sundarbans, Buddhist Vihara, and the Mosque City. A major tourist attraction in Bangladesh is the beach resort town of Cox’s Bazar.
  • Bangladesh has made rapid economic growth over the last few decades. However, over 40% of the population lives below the international poverty line that is living on less than $1.25 a day.
  • It had the biggest central bank money heist in 2016. This is one of the most notable heists in its history, as the hackers attempted to steal around US$ 1 billion through the SWIFT network.
  • Since the 1950s, there has been a warm relationship between China and Bangladesh. China supplies the Bangladeshi military with arms. 80% of Bangladesh’s military equipment comes from China.
  • The major trading partners of Bangladesh are the United States, the European Union, China, Japan, India, Singapore, and Malaysia. Bangladesh is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  • Almost 90% of the population is of the Muslim faith. The second most popular religion is Hinduism, with around 9%, and the remaining 1% is for other religions such as Christianity and Buddhism.
  • In Bangladesh, women participate more in the workforce unlike in India and Pakistan. There are Bengali women who hold major political offices. Bangladesh has a long history of feminist activism.
  • One of the country’s most famous sites is the Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat. Hidden by jungle for centuries, the medieval Muslim town is renowned for its density of Islamic religious monuments.
  • The seventh largest natural gas producer in Asia is Bangladesh. Gas supplies account for 56% of Bangladesh’s electricity. The major gas fields are in the southern and northern parts of the country.
  • Bangladesh’s total road and highway network is over 20,000 kilometers. There are three international airports and several domestic airports. Bangladesh Railway is a state owned rail network operator.
  • Islam was introduced in Bangladesh around the 9th century, but it was the Mughal dynasty who spread Islam widely through the country and ruled a united Indian state from the 16th to the 18th century.

Economic Facts About Bangladesh

  • Bangladesh ‘recycles’ the most ships in the world by tonnage. The city of Chittagong is famous for its dangerous shipbreaking yard, where 80 shipbreaking yards are located along a 13km stretch of coast.
  • Khan Jahan Ali is a celebrated icon in this country who was responsible for bringing most infrastructural systems in this country to life. He oversaw the construction of many roads, bridges, and mosques.
  • Most of the country’s heritage has been destroyed by the damp climate and frequent floods. However, it has many historical and archaeological sites with a history dating back to around the 3rd century BC.
  • The Bazar beach, which lies on the coastal plains, is the longest natural sea beach globally. It covers almost 75 miles. This is also the most touristic area in the country, including Saint Martin Island.
  • Bangladesh has a very rural and agricultural-based population. 70% of its population and 77% of its workforce live in rural areas. Nearly 50% of the country’s workforce is directly employed by agriculture.
  • There are three types of universities in Bangladesh: public, private, and international. The government operates all public universities. There are two international universities, 64 private, and 34 public.
  • The first president was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and his vice was Syed Nazrul Islam. Tajuddin Ahmad was the first prime minister. Zia was the country’s first female prime minister, and she was sworn in in 1991.
  • Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangladesh. In 1999, the Bangladesh national cricket team was part of the Cricket World Cup. In 2000, it received the Test status, which is an honor in international cricket.
  • Bangladesh was number 14 in the 2014 Transparency International list of the most corrupt countries. The cost of bribery as of 2015 was at 3.7% of the national budget. Bangladesh has an Anti Corruption Commission.
  • It has a varied industry, including wheat, tea, rice, and beef industries. Additionally, it has a cotton textile and garments industry. This country normally exports jute goods, frozen fish, garments, and seafood.
  • This country is known as the “playground of seasons” since it has six seasons: summer, autumn, winter, spring, late autumn, and monsoon. Each season is ideal for different lifestyles, festivals, crops, and fruits.

Geographical Facts About Bangladesh

  • Known as the ‘Banker to the Poorest of the Poor’, Muhammad Yunus won the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize for his work towards eradicating poverty using microlending. To date, he’s the only Bangladeshi to have won a Nobel Prize.
  • Bangladesh is one of the countries that founded the Developing 8. This is an organization of eight Muslim majority economies. The other seven countries are Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Turkey.
  • The national game is Kabbadi – a contact team sport with seven players on each side. However, cricket and football are the most popular sports, and the country has risen to become one of the most popular cricket teams globally.
  • Muhammad Yunus, a Bangladeshi, got the 2006 Noble Peace Prize for promoting social and economic development from below. Rabindranath Tagore, another Bangladeshi, was the first non-European to earn the Noble Prize in Literature.
  • The Ganges- Brahmaputra-Meghna form the most populous and largest delta system globally. It has more than 8,000 km of inland waterways. Its catchment area is shared among five countries Bangladesh, Nepal, China, India, and Bhutan.
  • Bangladesh attained its independence in 1971. This was after a nine-month war with Pakistan. With India backing Bangladesh, the country was able to free itself on 26th March from Pakistan with the guidance of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • It has stunning religious architecture, and that’s why Dhaka is known as the “city of mosques.” This is because it has many beautiful mosques in town, including the Chawk Mosque, Saat Masjid, and the Baitul Mukarram National Mosque.
  • In 1947, British rule over India ended and the predominantly Muslim states of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan (now Pakistan) were established either side of India, separated by more than 1,500km of Indian territory.
  • Bangladesh is among the Next 11 countries. These countries (Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Turkey and Vietnam) are likely to become economic superpowers in the coming decades.
  • Bangladesh is a member of the United Nations (UN). It is one of the largest contributors of UN peacekeeping forces. This country is also a member of the Non Aligned Movements and the Commonwealth of Nations among other organizations.
  • Its currency is known as Bangladesh Taka, with an ISO code of BDT. Taka is a Sanskrit term from tanka, and it was used in ancient times to designate the silver coin. If you have friends here, you can use the +880 international dialing code.
  • Finally, one of the most interesting facts about Bangladesh is that it’s the world’s least touristy country. With over 160 million residents, but only around 125,000 annual visitors, citizens of Bangladesh outnumber tourists by 1,273 to one.

50 Amazing Facts About Bangladesh

  • Bangladesh frequently faces natural calamities including tornadoes, cyclones, and floods. The country is also suffering from the effects of soil erosion and deforestation. The most severe flooding in modern world history occurred in Bangladesh in 1988.
  • Bangladesh conforms to a number of international declarations. They include Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA). According to Bangladesh’s constitution, there is free basic education for children between 6 years and 10 years.
  • Corruption is a continuing problem in this country. According to a report by Transparency International in 2020, Bangladesh ranked 26th out of 180 countries in the Corruption Perception Index. The public sector and government are known to be heavily corrupt.
  • Reports by the U.N FAO indicate that 11.1% of Bangladesh or ( 1,442, 000 ha) is forested. Out of this number, almost 30% is categorized as primary forest. This country has four main types of forests: sal forest, hill forest, mangrove forest, and mangrove plantation.
  • According to the World Bank, in 2009, Bangladesh’s government healthcare expenditure as a percentage of the GDP was a mere 3.35%. Health levels are relatively low in Bangladesh. In rural areas, most doctors are village doctors who have little or no formal education.
  • This has the navy, the air force, and ground forces. Its formation happened in 1971. Bangladeshi soldiers have participated in UN peacekeeping efforts in the Golan Heights, Liberia, Darfur, South Sudan, Cyprus, and the Democratic Republic of Congo among other places.
  • As of September 2019, there is an installed electric generation capacity of 21,419 MW in Bangladesh. Most commercial entities use natural gas, oil, and hydroelectric power. The Bangladesh government in collaboration with Russia is developing nuclear energy capability.
  • Bangladesh was once home to the world’s only third-order enclave in the world. Dahala Khagrabari was an Indian enclave surrounded by a Bangladeshi enclave surrounded by an Indian enclave surrounded by another state (Bangladesh). In 2015 Dahala Khagrabari was finally ceded to Bangladesh.
  • Jackfruit is the national fruit native to parts of southeast and south Asia. This fruit is widely cultivated in Bangladesh’s tropical regions. Banana is the most popular and common fruit. Nearly everyone loves it, and it’s available in several varieties, including Agniswar, Shabri, and Kabri.
  • Finally, Bangladesh is home to renowned thinkers. It’s known to have some of the best philosophers, sages, innovators, and authors in modern times. Some of the notable thinkers from this country include Mohammad Yunus- a social activist, Syed Mujtaba Ali, and the literary giant Kazi Nazrul Islam.
  • The national animal is the Royal Bengal Tiger. It was selected for its majestic physical profile with a roar that can be audible up to 3 km away. However, it should be noted that the royal Bengal tiger is now an endangered species. The most common animal found here is the Brahman cattle of Indian origin.
  • This is a largely flat country with a low-lying landscape. As a result, it is frequently subjected to annual flooding, especially when the snow melts from the Himalayas. Bangladesh’s landscape consists of 67% of arable land, forests and woodland account for 16%, while meadows and pastures account for 4% of the land.

Agricultural Facts About Bangladesh

  • Bangladesh is a renowned tea-producing country, and it’s rated among the top 10 largest tea producers globally. The country’s tea industry can be traced back to British rule- during this period; the East India Company conducted tea trade in the Sylhet region. It’s estimated that around 3% of global tea is from Bangladesh.
  • The legal system is based on common law. The supreme court is responsible for interpreting parliament laws and can declare them null and void. Additionally, the Supreme Court can also enforce the citizens’ fundamental rights. British rulers previously developed their legal system during their colonial rule in this continent.
  • This country has many skilled freelancers. This number has spiked in recent years, especially in the IT industry, including programmers and web developers. They are getting more global attention due to their skilled expertise and low costs. Their expertise makes them qualified to offer freelancing services to western countries.
  • To cater to the increasing student population, 53 public universities are government-funded. Dhaka University is the top-ranking, followed by the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology and Rajshahi University in the 2nd and 3rd place. There are over 100 private universities, with BRAC university taking the top spot.
  • Before 1700, this southern Asia country was ruled by different leaders, including Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist dynasties. This ended when the British colonialists established their rule in this region. Note that the British army defeated the Nawab Siraj-ud-Dwola in 1757, and this marked the onset of their 190 years of colonial reign.
  • The flag of Bangladesh, like that of Pakistan, is dark green. It symbolises the Islamic faith as well as the rich vegetation of the country and the hope placed in their youth. The red circle slightly off-centre represents the bloodshed of the fight for independence. The circle is also said to represent “the rising sun of a new country.”
  • This is one of the countries in the world that has undergone several military coups, and two of them resulted in the assassination of the then head of state. The first military coup happened in November 1975, with the most recent in 2011. Bangladesh was also under military rule for almost 15 years before the country’s democracy was restored in 1990.
  • The national dish is Hilsha Fish Curry- Hilsha is a fish species related to herring. Other common dishes include Rice, curry, lentil, and fish. This country is also famous for its delicious desserts, where you will find a wide range of rice cakes, sweets, and rice puddings. Alternatively, the other desserts are made from ingredients, including cow milk.
  • There is a significant gap between the wealthy and the poor. Note that Bangladesh is one of the countries in the world with a high vegetarian population. Reports by the Telegraph indicate that each Bangladeshi average consumes four kilos of meat annually. This is a massive contrast because one person in the US consumes an average of 120 kilos annually-thus, the US is rated as one of the most meat-hungry countries in the world.
  • The majority of the natives live in rural areas. In 2020, it was estimated that almost 61.8% of the population resided in rural areas. On the other hand, almost 38.2 percent were estimated to live in urban areas for the same period. The rural population is mainly agricultural-based, and it’s estimated that almost 50% of this country’s workforce is employed by the agricultural sector directly. Note that more than 50 million people in this country live below the poverty line. This amount is equivalent to around 30% of the population. The main reasons for poverty are overpopulation, political instability, and corruption.

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