40 Amazing Facts About Bihar

Facts About Bihar: Bihar is a state of India. The capital of Bihar is Patna. Bihar is bordered by Nepal on the northern border, Uttar Pradesh on the western border and Jharkhand on the southern border.

The name Bihar is believed to have been a corruption of the Buddha 'Vihar'. The region is situated in the plains of the Ganges and its tributaries. The region, once a stronghold of ancient empires, is currently considered one of the most backward contributors to the country's economy.

The historical name of Bihar was Magadha and the historical name of Patna, the capital of Bihar was Pataliputra. King Ashoka Pataliputra of the Mauryan Empire ruled. Buddhism and Jainism were born in Bihar.

40 Amazing Facts About Bihar

Intresting Facts About Bihar

  • When it comes to food, mouth watering liiti chokha is enough to make your day.
  • The ancient city of Vaishali is considered to be the first republic in the world.
  • Famous Indian emperors Chandragupta Maurya, Samudragupta, Vikramaditya, and Ashoka the Great were from Bihar.
  • Aryabhatta who gave zero number to the world, the nine planets theory, and trigonometric rules was from Bihar.
  • Bihar plains are among the most fertile plains of the world. Formed by mighty rivers like Ganga, Koshi and Gandak.
  • The mouth-watering and delicious Litti-Chokha, Bihari Kebab, Thekua, Khaja are enough to make you a fan of Bihari cuisine.
  • In 2014, the longest free Wi-Fi range in the world was launched in Patna by the Government of Bihar. It spans over whopping 20 km.
  • Rajgir, ‘the royal palace,’ a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in Bihar, was the venue for the first Buddhist Council.
  • This place is amazing and is known for its incredible architecture. A hub for spiritual people, this temple will definitely enchant you.
  • Chhath Puja is an important festival celebrated in Bihar since ancient Vedic times. The festival is devoted to Lord Surya (Sun) and Chhathi Maiya.
  • The idea of non-violence originated from Bihar around 2600 years ago. The Great, Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir were propagators of this enchanting thought.

Historical Facts About Bihar

  • Vatsayana a great philosopher and author of the famous book ‘Kamasutra’ was from Bihar as well. No wonder it is a perfect blend of literature and science.
  • Most of the Bihari people are considered highly intellectual in Mathematics. With limited source and money, they are always ready to cross all the hurdles.
  • Bihar is the birthplace of the tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh, and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht (Takht Sri Patna Sahib), which is in Patna.
  • The hill of Gridhrakuta in Rajgir is perhaps the most important place related to the life of Buddha, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons.
  • Bihar’s Vaishali district is considered the first republic in the world. It became a republic by the 6th century BC. Vaishali is also the birthplace of Lord Mahavir.
  • Bihar is also the origin of the biggest two religions in the world, namely Buddhism and Jainism. It was from here that Buddhism was spread in different parts of the world.
  • The tomb of the Mughal emperor Sher Shah Suri and the Maner Sharif have magnificent architecture. Tourists also come in large numbers to the Mahabodhi temple and Bodh Gaya.
  • During the Vedic period, Bihar was the center of trade and economy. Whereas, Magadha, Vaishali, Mithila, Anga, Sakyapradesh, Vijji, Janaka were considered as important kingdoms.
  • Well, the Bihari accent has already gained its popularity, we can see various dialogues in Bollywood movies in Bihari accent. Movies like PK, Gangs of Wasseypur, Gangajal are few examples.

Geographical Facts About Bihar

  • Coinciding with the post-harvest season for paddy, the Sonepur fair is the largest cattle fair in Asia. The central draw of the fair is cattle trade while imposing Indian elephants are the prime attraction.
  • Motihari in the East Champaran district of Bihar was perhaps the first laboratory of the Gandhian experiment in Satyagraha, and it would be apt to say that it has been the springboard for India’s independence.
  • Kesaria Stupa, a lofty brick mound capped by a solid brick tower of considerable size, situated in the Champaran (east) district of Bihar, is the highest Stupa found in the country with a height of about 104” from the base.
  • You can’t think of Indian politics without Bihar. India’s first president Dr. Rajendra Prasad belonged to Bihar. Bihar is also the land of prominent political figures like- Jai Prakash Narayan, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar, etc.
  • The first Prime Minister of Mauritius, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam hailed from Bihar. He also served as the chief minister and the governor general of the country. He is widely known as the “Father of the Nation.” We bet you didn’t know this one!
  • There was much oblivion of the fact that Bihar is the home of oldest Hindu temples in India – Mundeshwari. The chanting voice of bells always abuzz around the four headed Shiva, which is an incredibly amazing an amalgam of male and female.
  • India’s is a country where Cricket is no less than a religion, and the name MS Dhoni is one of the most celebrated chapters of this religion. MS Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now, in Jharkhand) and is considered India’s most successful Cricket Captain; so far.

Economic Facts About Bihar

  • Nalanda library attracted people across the word especially Iran, Korea, China, Japan, Greece. It was set on fire by the army of Baktiyar Khilji under his command. The library was so huge that it kept on burning for three months and it destroying nine million manuscripts.
  • Bihar is the place from where the concept of non-violence originated, the most enchanting thought in the history of mankind. It was lord Mahavira and lord Buddha who raised this idea about 2600 years ago. Bihar is also the birthplace of two religions Jainism and Buddhism.
  • The Mundeshwari temple in Bihar is known as the oldest Hindu temple in India. The temple is dedicated to both Lord Shiva and his wife, Shakti. However, the four-headed idol of Shiv is always surrounded by lots of crowds coupled with sounds of bells clanking in the environment.
  • Bihar has given India a lot of IAS officers. It has been regarded as the second most important state that has produced many numbers of IAS officers. In fact, the state of Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu combined, haven’t produced as many IAS officers as Bihar.
  • The word ‘Bihar’ is originally derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word ‘Vihara’ meaning abode. During the ancient and medieval times, Buddhist monks inhabited most of the regions surrounding the state. Hence, the name of the State was used to denote the home or the abode of the Buddhist monks residing here.
  • Best known for his Super 30 program, Anand Kumar is a mathematics genius from Patna in Bihar. His Super 30 program prepares economically backward students for IIT-JEE, the entrance examination for the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). The prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his noble efforts. Even the Discovery Channel has showcased his work in a documentary.
  • The world-famous Nalanda University is located in the capital city of Patna. It is one of the oldest universities in the world and was known as a storehouse of knowledge during the ancient days. It attracts students from different parts of the world including Iran, Japan, Greece, China, and Korea. It was said that the Nalanda library was set on fire by the army of BakhtiyarKhilji. The library was believed to hold 9 million manuscripts which took it 3 full months to burn down into ashes.

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