60 Amazing Facts About Tamil Nadu

Facts About Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. It is also widely known as Tamil Nadu. Its capital is Chennai. Tamil Nadu is located at the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. It is bordered by Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh to the west and north. The state of Tamil Nadu borders the Union Territory of Pondicherry, around Pondicherry and Karaikal. Sri Lanka It has a maritime border with the country. Geographical boundaries include the Northeastern Range to the north, the Neelamalai Range to the west, the Elephant Range to the Palakkad Pass, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Gulf of Mannar to the southeast, and the Indian Ocean to the south.

Tamil Nadu was called Madras State in English and Chennai Province in Tamil. Struggles took place to change this to 'Tamil Nadu'. For that, Sankaralinganar died from a 76-day fast. The name Madras State was later changed to Tamil Nadu in 1969.

Tamil Nadu is the 10th largest state in India and the sixth most populous. It is also the second largest contributor to India's GDP. In 2006 it was ranked tenth in the Human Development Index (sixteenth including Union Territories). It is also the most urbanized state in India. India has 6% of the population, the largest commercial enterprise (10.56%) and the second largest total employment (9.97%).

BC Tamils ​​have been living in the area for over 500 years. More than 20,000 years old Tamil language inscriptions and literature are available. According to mythology, the Tamil language is believed to have been taught to the Agathis by Lord Shiva. Tamil Nadu is rich in natural resources, temples, hill stations, seaside resorts, and places of worship of many religions; Eight World Heritage Sites are located in Tamil Nadu.

60 Amazing Facts About Tamil Nadu

Interesting Facts About Tamil Nadu

  • Major ports of this state are Madras and Tuticorin.
  • Bharat Natyam is the popular traditional dance of state.
  • It is 11th largest state by area and sixth by population.
  • During British period Tamil Nadu was called as Madras presidency.
  • Tamil Nadu produces 60% of match sticks and 77% of finished rubber.
  • Bhakti movement started from Tamil Nadu and spread towards north India.
  • Kolattam, Karagam and Mayilattam are the famous folk dances of this state.
  • The legislative council was abolished in 1986 and Tamil Nadu became unicameral state.
  • Tamil Nadu holds sixth ranks in terms of Human Development Index among all Indian states.
  • Kanchipuram is the largest district of Tamil Nadu by area. Chennai is largest by population.
  • M.S. Swaminathan who is called as Father of Green Revolution of India belonged to this state.
  • Tamil Nadu borders with 3 states – Karnataka in northwest, Andhra Pradesh in north, Kerala in West.
  • Mineral Resources of Tamil Nadu – Lignite, limestone, magnesite, mica, quartz, felspar, bauxite, gypsum
  • Eastern part of Tamil Nadu contains Palani Hills. Famous hill station Kodaikanal is situated on Palani Hills.
  • This state is largest producer of banana, turmeric, tapioca and second largest producer of mango, coconut, ground nut.

Historical Facts About Tamil Nadu

  • Tamil language is one of the oldest and longest surviving classical languages of world which is still in use in its original form.
  • Literacy of Tamil Nadu is 80.3 % which is much higher than national average of 74.04 %. Tamil Nadu is 8th most literate state of India.
  • With GDP figures of Rs 9,76,703 crores, Tamil Nadu holds the second rank among all Indian states. (as per GDP figures of year 2014-15).
  • Main Agriculture products – Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi, pulses, sugarcane, oilseed, cotton, chillies, coffee, tea, rubber, cardamom.
  • The Nilgiris and the Anamalai are hill groups with max height. The highest peak of Nilgiris is Dodabetta which stands at 2640 m above sea level.
  • After State Reorganization Act of 1956, many regions of Madras state were separated out. Tamil Nadu state eventually came to existence on 14 Jan 1969.
  • Ancient Tamil history is marked by the kingdoms of Chera, Chola and Pandya. Sangam literature is known to flourish under the patronage of these kingdoms.
  • The major rivers are Kaveri, Palar, Cheyyar, Ponnaiyar, Meyar, Bhavani, Amravati, Vaigal, Chittar and Tamaraparni. The 760 Km long kaveri is the biggest river of this state.
  • After Indian independence Madras presidency was renamed as Madras state. Madras state comprised of the present areas of Tamil Nadu including parts of karnataka, kerala and coastal Andhra.
  • Pongal is the main festival of this state which is marked with harvest season. Jallikattu is the festival of bull fight. Other festivals include Adipperukku, Mahamangam, Mamalapuram etc.
  • The last phase of medieval Tamil history witnessed the rising of a rich, powerful and extremely prosperous hindu empire called Vijaynagar empire (1336-1646) established by Harihar and Bukka Rai.

Facts About Tamil Nadu Culture

  • Tamil Nadu is famous for its Jallikattu festival. It is similar to famous European sport of Bull Fight. Although Supreme Court has banned this festival due to raising concerns of animal welfare.
  • Bharathanatyam is the traditional dance of Tamil Nadu. Other folk dances include Kolattam, Karagattam, and Mayilattam. This video shows the beauty and elegance of this classical Indian dance form.
  • Tamil Nadu is also an agricultural state. It’s the largest producer of bananas, turmeric, flowers, and tapioca in India. It’s also a major producer of mango, coconut, groundnut, coffee, and sugarcane.
  • Main festivals of Tamil Nadu are Pongal which is a harvest festival. Chitirai-Madurai, Adipperukku are other festivals meant for sowing season on banks of river. Mahamangam is a fest while Mamalapuram is dance festival.
  • The literature works developed in the Sangam Period is called as Sangam Literature. Sangam literature is considered as set of thousands of poems developed by hundreds of contemporary poets many of whom are still unknown.
  • Western ghat comes on the whole length of western part. The Palghat gap about 25 Km in width is the only marked break in western ghat range. Western ghats in the south of Palghat is known as Anamali range or Elephant Hills.
  • Vijaynagar kingdom ruled with a glorious heritage for two centuries and is also called as the richest empire ever of Indian history. Vijaynagar kingdom came to end after defeat from Deccan sultanates in Battle of Talikota in 1565.
  • Thiruvalluvar was the greatest tamil poet and saint of all times in the history of Tamil Nadu. He belonged to a period of 3rd century BC contemporary to Nand Dynasty of north India. He created the famous tamil literature Thirukkural.
  • Tamil is the official language of this state, as well as Sri Lanka and Singapore. Tamil (also written as Tamizh) is one of the oldest classical languages still being spoken today. This link provides the correct pronunciation of the language.

Information About Tamil Nadu

  • Sangam Period is the glorious pride and rich cultural heritage of ancient south India spanning the present region of Tamil Nadu and parts of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Sangam period corresponds to 3rd century BC to 3rd century AD.
  • Tamil Nadu is home to over 30,000 Hindu temples, and many of them are centuries old. The colorful Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is one of the most famous. Temple towns like Madurai and Kanchipuram are thronged by visitors throughout the year.
  • Vivekanand Rock memorial is the most famous tourist destination of Tamil Nadu. It is located about 500 mt off the coast of Kanyakumari in Indian Ocean. Vivekand Rock Memorial is the southern most point of mainland India. It is believed that Swami Vivekanand got enlightenment here.
  • The medieval period of Tamil Nadu is marked by Pallav Dynasty under Mahendravarman who ruled Tamil Nadu with Kanchipuram as their capital from 4th to 8th century. Pallavs were later replaced by Chola dynasty in 9th century. Chola dynasty was in-turn replaced by Pandyan dynasty in 13th century.
  • Meenakshi Sundareshwar temple of Madurai is devoted to Parvati (Meenakshi) and Shiva (Sundareswar). This temple is also the iconic symbol of Tamil Nadu. It consists of 14 gopurams (gateways) and centered garbhgriha. This temple in the current form was built by Vishwanath Nayak of Nayak Dynasty in late 16th century.
  • Rameshwaram is of extreme religious importance. Ramanathswamy temple, located on Rameswaram island is a temple dedicated to Shiva. It is one of the 12 jyotirlingas of Shiva. It has a set of corridors which together measure 3,850 feet making it longest corridor in world. Rameshwaram is also one of four pilgrimage centers of Char Dham. Other three are Kedarnath, Dwarka and Puri.
  • The people of Tamil Nadu are called Tamilians. They speak Tamil and makeup about 6% of the entire population of India. Many famous actors, politicians, and business-people are from Tamil. M.S. Swaminathan, the founder of India’s Green Revolution, also grew up there. Under his guidance, farmers in India planted high-yield varieties of wheat and rice to help end hunger in a sustainable way.

Geographical Facts About Tamil Nadu

  • If you love animals, the Mudumulai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the place to visit! This thick forest reserve is home to Indian elephants, Bengal tigers, and Indian leopards. You can also see over 250 species of birds. If waterfalls are of interest, you’ll want to visit the well-known Hogenakkal. But Coutralam, also referred to as the “Spa of Tamil Nadu,” is also quite popular.
  • Tamil Nadu has the largest bus terminal in Asia and the greatest number of international airports in India. Together, they make Tamil a major welcoming center for the country’s tourists. With many factories and numerous ports, Tamil is also one of the most industrialized states in India. In fact, Tamil has three major ports (Chennai, Ennore, and Tuticorin) — more than any other Indian state.
  • Marina Beach is a favorite tourist destination. It’s located on the eastern side of Chennai and adjoins the Bay of Bengal. It’s also one of the world’s longest and largest urban beaches and the second largest beach in the world. On weekends and holidays, as many as 50,000 people per day visit the beach. Hill stations provide another option for taking a break from the summer sun. Popular hill stations include Ooty, Kodaikanal, Yercaud, Conoor, Valparai, Yelagiri, Sirumalai, Kalrayan Hills and the Kolli Hills.
  • In India, people eat with their hands. They also believe that serving food to others is a service to humanity. Traditionally, meals were served on banana leaves. One part of the leaf held the rice-based foods. Another part of the leaf held the condiments. Afterward, the banana leaves became food for the cows. Being seated on the floor was also viewed as the best way to eat. In addition, there is a focus on eating a balanced diet. Food is considered the best medicine, and diets can be either vegetarian or non-vegetarian.

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