40 Unbelievable Facts About Jharkhand

Facts About Jharkhand: Jharkhand is a state in India. It is bounded on the north by Bihar, on the west by Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, on the east by West Bengal and on the south by Odisha. Ranchi is the industrial capital of the state of Jharkhand. The major cities of Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Dhanbad are also major industrial cities.

On November 15, 2000, Jharkhand was formed as a separate state, separating the southern part from the state of Bihar. The state was formed as a result of a long struggle for peace and democracy.

Jharkhand is also known as 'Vananchal' due to its dense forests. Not just forests. The state of Jharkhand is also unique in having immense mineral wealth. In his book "Ignited Minds" written by the President of India APJ Abdul Kalam, Jharkhand is often referred to as the home of minerals waiting to be consumed.

40 Unbelievable Facts About Jharkhand

Interesting Facts About Jharkhand

  • Dhanbad is also known as India’s coal capital.
  • The most popular dance forms are Jhumarand Agni dance.
  • Deoghar is the ancient city of Jharkhand known for its temples.
  • Jamshedpur in Jharkhand is the 1st planned industrial city in India.
  • Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city of East Singhbhoom district.
  • The literal meaning of the Jharkhand is Land of bushes, Jungles (Jhari – Bushes)
  • Ranchi is one of the very few Indian cities to have had a British ship named after it.
  • Forests and woodlands occupy more than 29% of the state which among the highest in India.
  • Jamshedpur is the industrial capital of Jharkhand and is known as the “Pittsburgh of India.”
  • Baidyanath Dham which is one of twelve famous Shiva Jyotirlings is located in Deoghar district.
  • Jamshedpur has an average literacy rate of 85.94% which is higher than the National average of 74%.
  • The tribal language of Jharkhand is identical to the Harappan civilization (Indus Valley Civilization).
  • Hinduism is the main religion of state with 68.6 % Hindus, 14.5 % of Muslim and about 4.5 % are Christians.

Amazing Facts About Jharkhand

  • It is the home of largest Steel Plant in Asia. Bokaro Steel City is one of the first planned towns in India.
  • Tata Motors Ltd formerly names as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) is also located in Jamshedpur.
  • India’s largest flag 493ft high is in Ranchi. This flag is the largest and is with the tallest flagpole in India.
  • Most of the state lies on Chhota Nagpur Plateau which is the source of Koel, Damodar, Brahmani and Subarnrekha rivers.
  • Industrial city Ranchi is the capital and Dumka is a sub-capital city. Jamshedpur is the largest and biggest industrial city.
  • Main festivals include Karam festival which is quite popular among Oraon tribe. Other festivals include Vat Savitri and Teej.
  • Jharkhand is a great place for higher education with the best educational institutions like NIT, BIT Mesra and Xavier School of Management.
  • Besides the main Baidynath temple, there are 21 other different temples also located in the campus depicting different Hindu Gods and Goddesses.
  • Ranchi is the capital of the state and is known as the city of waterfalls. And it also gets the funding for smart city among the other cities on the list.
  • Jubilee Park is the key attractions for all visitors from all over the world. This park covers an area of 200 acres. It has got a zoo, garden, amusement park, and fountains.
  • The state is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, coal, mica, limestone, graphite, asbestos, dolomite etc. and accounts for 40 % of the total mineral resources of India.

Economic Facts About Jharkhand

  • Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) is another important iron and steel company located in Bokaro district and got established in the year 1964 as a Limited company. It was later merged with SAIL.
  • This state is the tribal-dominated region with 28 % of people are tribal and 12 % belong to scheduled Cast. The main tribes of this state are Santhal, Oraon, Munda, Ho, Kharia, Bhumji etc.
  • Presently Tata Steel is the second largest Iron and Steel company of India (first is JSW Steel, the year 2016) and it was also ranked 11th Iron and Steel company of the world in the year 2013.
  • Jamshedpur city along with Tata Steel Plant was established in the year 1907 by Jamshetji Tata. Tata Steel Ltd which was formerly known as Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd (TISCO) is the first private Iron and Steel company of India.
  • Not many people known that Jharkhand is a spiritual state that has several incredible temples that are a great attraction spot for tourists. Deoghar is one of the ancient cities of Jharkhand state that is popular for its grand temples.
  • The Hundru waterfalls in Ranchi. It is the thirty-fourth highest waterfall that has a height of around ninety-eight meters. Hundru Fall is formed by Subarnarekha River. This fall is the highest waterfall in the entire state of Jharkhand.
  • Some other important Iron and Steel companies of Jharkhand are Bihar Sponge Iron Ltd of Chandil, MECON Ltd Ranchi, Hindustan Malleable & Forgings Ltd Dhanbad, JAMIPOL (a joint venture of Tata Steel and SKW Stahl, Germany), Usha Martin Jamshedpur.

Historical Facts About Jharkhand

  • Naulakha Temple in Deoghar is located at around 1.5 kilometers far from the “Baba Baidyanath temple”. The architecture of this temple is very simple and the total cost of construction is approximately nine lakhs. Hence it is called as the Naulakha Temple.
  • Jharkhand is the birth place of several popular personalities such as captain of Indian cricket team, Mahendra Singh Dhoni. In addition to this, several Bollywood personalities belong to this place such as Meenakshi Sheshadri, Tanushree Dutta, Priyanka Chopra, to name a few.
  • Not many people know that Maithon Dam in Jharkhand is ranked as the top ten tallest dams all over the country. The biggest reservoir of the country is present in Damodar Valley. It has a distinctive underground power station that is spread over a vast area of sixty-five sq. kms.
  • Shravan Mela is held every year in the auspicious month of Shravan that is celebrated with great enthusiasm and spirit among people at this place. Giridih Shikharji and Shikharji Mountain Peak is recognized as the highest range of mountain in Jharkhand. It is also a popular Jain pilgrimage place with several Jain Temples.
  • Rock Garden in Ranchi liesnearly four kms from Ranchi town. This rock garden is considered to be one of the five incredible rock gardens in the entire country. Another important and interesting fact related to Jharkhand is that this state has the highest mountain peak “Parasnath” that has a height of approximately 1366 meters.
  • Tata Steel Zoological Park is one of the great adventurous places in Jharkhand that is the most loved sites among children. It lies near the Jubilee Park and popular for several different species of wild animals. Both Ranchi Zoo and Tata Zooare the most popular wild animal parks located in Jharkhand. Betla National Park, another zoo in Jharkhand is the home to wide varieties of wildlife. It is located in the “Chota Nagpur Plateau”. The protected region of Betla Park boasts to be the first wildlife park to get recognition as a “tiger reserve” under “Project Tiger” in India.

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