70+ Suprising Facts About Punjab

Punjab is a state in the northern part of India. Its capital is Chandigarh, which lies outside the borders of the state of Punjab. The state of Punjab is a part of a larger Punjab region. This state and the Punjab state of Pakistan merge to form Punjab Pradesh. The word "Punjab" is a combination of the two Persian words "panj" (five) and "ab" (water), indicating five rivers flowing through the region. Due to the availability of sufficient water due to these five rivers, Punjab ranks first in the country in terms of agriculture. Wheat, sugarcane and mustard are the main farm products here. Apart from this, Punjab is at the forefront in the use of modern farming equipments as well as in adopting modern farming methods. The main official language of the state is Punjabi.

70+ Suprising Facts About Punjab

70+ Interesting Facts About Punjab

  • Medieval Punjab saw a supremacy of the Muslims.
  • Punjab is the safest and prosperous state in India.
  • After the capture of Punjab, the Greeks named it Paintpotamia
  • In ancient and medieval times, most of the attacks were in Punjab.
  • Jitendra, Amrish Puri, Vinod Khanna, Rajesh Khanna, Shammi Kapoor, etc.
  • The population of Punjab (Indian Punjab) is greater than that of Australia.
  • Every year Punjab produces 45% wheat and 25% rice of total production in India.
  • Sons of Punjab have also contributed to the glorious Indian Army for generations.
  • It was Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru, who transformed the Sikhs into the Khalsa.
  • Because of that, you will not find anything like old nails, old temples, memorials, etc.
  • Punjab was in the vanguard of India’s freedom struggle on all fronts in India and abroad.
  • Fifteenth and sixteenth centuries marked a period of the watershed in the history of Punjab.
  • Punjab’s soil is very fertile, perhaps because it is known as “the land of the golden crop”.
  • Punjab was partitioned on 1 November 1966 and separating from it became a new state of Haryana.
  • There are many Bollywood actors from Punjab lie Yash Chopra, Dharmendra, Kapil Sharma, Raj Kapoor,
  • Ghaznavi was followed by the Ghoris, the slaves, the Khiljis, the Tughlaks, the Lodhis and the Mughals.
  • In later years Punjab saw the rise and fall of the Mauryas, Bactrians, Greeks, Sakas, Kushans and Guptas.

Facts About Punjab for Kids

  • Great Alexander fought his last fight with Punjabi Sikhs, in which Alexander’s soldiers refused to fight.
  • Punjab is very famous for its folk dances such as Bhangra, Gidddha, Jhumar, Mirza, Jugni, Dhamaal, Gatka, etc.
  • Punjab’s main industry is agriculture and 84% of industries in Punjab’s total industries are just agriculture.
  • When India became independent, the two Punjab states came together. One Punjab in Pakistan and another in India.
  • Punjab is also known as the state of five rivers because Sindhu, Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, and Ghaggar flows in Punjab.
  • When there was a fight against the emergency in 1977, the people who played the most important role were Punjabi.
  • The modern Indian Punjab came into existence on 31 October 1966 when Himachal Pradesh and Haryana were carved out.
  • Punjab is at the forefront of the Road connection. In the entire state, 100% of villages are connected to the roads.
  • The British had captured the Punjab state in the last, and after that Punjab had been involved with freedom fighters.
  • Bhangra and Giddha are the popular and traditional dance of Punjabi, which is celebrated in the Lohri harvest season.
  • There was a state named “PEPSU (Patiala and East Punjab State Union)” which was merged with Punjab on 1 November 1956.
  • Most Indians believe that 70% of Punjab’s youths are drug addicts, In fact, 70% of all drug addicts in Punjab are young.
  • The cruel massacre that was done by the British in Jalianwala Bagh is only a short distance from the Golden Temple Amritsar.

Famous Things About Punjab

  • Amritsar is a popular destination of Punjab, according to a report, more tourists visit Amritsar than the Taj Mahal every year.
  • The youth of Punjab has been contributing the most in the Indian army, which is a matter of great pride for the whole of India.
  • In the late 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev laid the foundation of Sikhism in Punjab. Punjab is the largest state of the Sikh population.
  • The Punjabi language is ranked 10th in the most spoken languages ​​in the world. And comes third in the most spoken language in Canada.
  • Sikhism emerged in Punjab in the 15th and 16th centuries. Guru Nanak Dev Ji established Sikh religion in Punjab. After that, here are nine gurus.
  • In 1799, under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh Empire was formed. It was a secular empire based in Punjab. It lasted until 1849.
  • The language spoken in Punjab is (of course) Punjabi, which is the 10th most spoken language of the world and 3rd most popular language of Canada.
  • First, it was Namdhari sect, which believed in self-discipline and self-rule. Later, it was Lala Lajpat Rai who played a leading role in the Freedom Movement.
  • Chandigarh is the capital of Punjab, tourists come to see the civilization and culture of this city. The main aspects of Punjab tourism are culture and civilization.
  • And the last one is the saying of Punjabi that if your dream is to go abroad then you have become a true Punjabi, perhaps that is why Canada is their favorite place.
  • The Golden Temple has been a monument of worldwide fame on account of organizing the largest langar sewa in the world, where more than 35000 people are fed on a daily basis.
  • Punjab is also called the sword of India because the people here were very brave and fought with many foreign fighters, so they played an important role in the defense of India.
  • The area of Punjab is 50,362 sq. km. It is the 20th largest state in India as per the area. Its population is about 27 million; 16th largest state as per population in the country.

Amazing Facts About Punjab

  • In the Indian and Pakistani Punjab, the Indus Valley Civilization flourished which is considered one of the ancient civilizations. The civilization flourished around the Indus river system.
  • After two abortive Anglo-Sikh wars, Punjab was finally annexed to the British Empire in 1849. The fight against the British rule had begun long before Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival on the scene.
  • Punjabis celebrate their festival enthusiastically. They have a number of festivals including Vaisakhi (Celebrated after harvesting the wheat crop), Lohdi (Celebrated in January), Holi, Maghi, Teej, etc.
  • Punjabis are the major ethnic group in Canada, Australia, Germany, United Kingdom, New Zealand, United States, France, Italy, Spain, Dubai, etc. In Canada, they are about 2% of the total population of Canada.
  • There were a total of 41 foreigners who served in the court of Maharaja Ranjit Singh(1780-1839) and built an empire which had the highest GDP in the world and most scholars, intellectuals, surpassing the Europeans.
  • The capital of Punjab and Haryana is Chandigarh which is a Union territory. There is also one common High Court for both states which is known as Punjab and Haryana High Court, situated in the capital city of Chandigarh.
  • Jallianwala Bagh is situated in Amritsar, the largest city of Punjab. On 13 April 1919, Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place here under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer in which more than 1500 people died and several got injured.
  • Punjab is the land of chivalry and cheer. It is also a state that offers the finger-licking food. The mustard fields of Punjab are well-known, and so is the spirit of service of its natives. Here are a few more interesting facts about this north Indian state.
  • Punjab was partitioned by the British in 1947. After that Punjab was once again divided and it was divided among Punjab, Himachal Pradesh,and Haryana in 1966. This state has always been the gateway for people coming from Central Asia, Greece, Afghanistan, and Iran.
  • In the city of Amritsar, the Golden Temple or Shri Harmandir Sahib is located which is considered the holiest and most important pilgrimage site of Sikhism. The temple was designed by the fifth Guru Arjan Dev. The Gold was installed above the Gurudwara by Raja Ranjit Singh.
  • Every village in Punjab has a gurudwara. The second most prominent religion here is Hindu. Punjabi is the official language here. People here are very happy and believe in being cool and enjoy life by participating in various cultural activities. The main festivals of Punjab are Lohri, Basant, Baisakhi, and Teej.
  • There are five Takht (meaning Seat of Authority) in Sikhism. Out of five, three are in Punjab; Akal Takht in the Golden Temple Complex, Takht Sri Damdama Sahib in Bhatinda, and Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib in Anandpur Sahib. Two other are Takht Sri Patna Sahib in Patna, Bihar and Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, Nanded, Maharashtra.

Historical Facts About Punjab

  • The soil of Punjab has given birth to many legends in every field. In Punjab, people have the enthusiasm to be a singer, actor, athlete, etc. Some legends are Gurdas Maan (Singer), Babbu Maan (Singer), Akshay Kumar (Actor), Balbir Singh Sr. (Hockey Player), Kapil Sharma (Comedian), Udham Singh (Hockey Player), Zail Singh (7th President of India), etc.
  • Several Rivers are flowing through the state which make Punjab very fertile. Punjab is also called the Granary of India or Bread Basket of India. It produces 17% of India’s total wheat production, and 11% of India’s rice (Data, according to the 2013 report). Agriculture is the largest industry of the state and about 84% of the land is under cultivation.
  • Punjabis are known for their hospitality. They serve their guest their original tasty food which is very popular in the world. The popular Punjabi dishes are Chicken Tikka, Paratha with Butter, Tandoori Chicken, Amritsari Kulcha, Makke ki roti (Bread of Maize), and Sarson ka Saag (Vegetable of Mustard greens). In beverage, they include very famous ‘Lassi.’
  • The land of Punjab is not much forested. Only 1772 sq. km area is forested. Local animals and birds are found in Punjab; buffalos, horses, fruit bat, wild boar, wildcat, hog deer, flying fox, mongoose, squirrel, etc. A few rivers are notorious to have dangerous species of crocodiles. Baaz (northern goshawk) is the state bird while blackbuck is the state animal.
  • According to the World Book of Records, the United Kingdom, the Golden Temple in Amritsar is the most visited tourist place in the world. The Golden Temple or Shri Harmandir Sahib is believed to be the most important pilgrimage site in Sikhism. The temple welcomes people from all walks of life; it also runs a free and massive community kitchen called langar where thousands of people are fed daily.
  • Punjab means the land of five rivers. The word has been derived from the Persian words panj (five) and aab (water). The five rivers namely Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej ran through pre-Independence Punjab, and are now divided between India and Pakistan. The presence of five rivers is the reason why Punjab’s soil is conducive for wheat cultivation, and hence it is also called the Wheat Bowl of India.
  • Chandigarh is India’s first planned city after Independence. Its layout was designed for the people of west Punjab who had migrated after Independence. The city has a good green cover and well-maintained streets. It is also home to the famous Sukhna Lake, Rock Garden and Chandi Devi Mandir. Chandigarh’s proximity to the Shivaliks (lower Himalayas) makes it a good base destination to reach Shimla, Solan and other hill stations.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, the Khalistan movement or the Sikh Separatist movement reached its prominence. However, Operation Blue Star was conducted by the Indian Army to stop the movement in which many Sikh militants were killed and prisoned. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was held accountable for the launching the Sikh militancy during the 1980s. This operation led the assassination of the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi.
  • When the partition of India took place in 1947, Punjab was divided into two parts; Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. Indian Punjab shares its border with the Pakistani Punjab. The Border is about 425 km in length. Every year, the Wagah-Attari border ceremony is held on 14 and 15 December during the Independence Day of Pakistan and India, respectively. Attari is a village in the district of Amritsar, India, and Wagah is a village in the district of Lahore, Pakistan.
  • In the olden days, Punjab was known as Trigarta. It was a kingdom as mentioned in the ancient scripture Mahabharata. Mahabharata talks about two different Trigarta kingdoms–one towards the west near the Sivi Kingdom and the second north to the Kuru Kingdom. Trigarta is the territory surrounding Satluj, Beas, and Ravi rivers. It is believed that the Trigarta kings were allies of the antagonist Duryodhana. They had attacked the Virata kingdom when the Pandavas were living there in anonymity.

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