80 Amazing Facts About Uttar Pradesh

Facts About Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh is the first most populous state in India and the fifth largest in terms of area. Uttar Pradesh is considered to be the fifth largest country in the world by population. The capital is Lucknow. Kanpur is the largest city. There are many places in the state that are mentioned in the Puranas and the history of ancient India.

Allahabad, home to the Samudra Gupta Stupa, also known as the Napoleonic Napoleon in India, was the headquarters of Harshavardhan. Kanooj are some of these. In addition, the state of Uttar Pradesh is associated with various stages in the later history of India. Agra is located in the state and was built by Sikander Lodhi and became the headquarters of the Mughal Empire in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Uttar Pradesh is also home to the Taj Mahal, a popular tourist destination, Kashi, a pilgrimage center, and Meerut, the site of the First War of Independence. Jawaharlal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Ministers of India after independence. Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Charan Singh, VP Singh, Chandrasekhar, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Narendra Modi were elected from the Lok Sabha constituencies in the state.

To the west of Uttar Pradesh lies the Union Territory of Delhi, to the states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, to the south Madhya Pradesh and to the east Bihar. It is bordered by the Himalayas to the north by Uttarakhand and the international border with Nepal. For this reason, Uttar Pradesh can be considered as one of the border states of India. The other frontiers of Uttar Pradesh are more or less aligned with the natural divisions. It is bounded on the west by the Yamuna River, on the southwest by the Vindhya and on the east by the Gandak River.

80 Amazing Facts About Uttar Pradesh

Unknown Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • On 9 Nov 2000 separate state of Uttarakhand was carved out from this state.
  • Uttar Pradesh is 4th largest state by area and top most state by population.
  • A western U.P. city, Shamli is said to have the highest number of LIC premiums.
  • UP stands first in domestic tourism with more than 71 million tourist arrivals.
  • In the capital city of Lucknow, around 4000 CCTV cameras have been installed to stop crime.
  • The first freedom struggle of India marked with Sepoy Mutiny started from Meerut by Mangal Pandey.
  • Main Agricultural Products – Wheat, rice, maize, barley, gram, sugarcane, potatoes, pulses, oilseeds.
  • As per 2016 reports, Uttar Pradesh ranked first among all Indian states in terms of criminal activities.
  • UP shares its international border with Nepal in north. Length of international border with Nepal is 651 Km.
  • Lakhimpur Kheeri is the largest district of Uttar Pradesh by area. Agra is the largest district by population.
  • The region of Uttar Pradesh is the land of action (Karm-bhoomi) of Gautam Buddha. He gave his first sermon at Sarnath.
  • Mineral Resources of Uttar Pradesh – Limestone, magnesite, coal, rock phosphate, dolomite, silica sand and pyrophylite.
  • The Parijaat tree is said to have been brought from heaven by Lord Krishna. The flowers of this tree change their colour.
  • Kathak is an important classical dance of Uttar Pradesh. Pandit Birju Maharaj is an important exponent of this dance form.

GK Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • Literacy rate of UP is 69.7% which is well below the national average of 74.04%. UP is 8th most illiterate state of India.
  • It is the home of premier educational institutes likes Banaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University, Darul Uloom Deoband.
  • Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon in a village named Sarnath. The village is situated in Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Uttar Pradesh has been home to one of the most powerful empires of the country; Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Kushan, Sunga, Mughals, etc.
  • Cities of Sarnath and Kushinagar are of Buddhist importance. Goutam Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath and died at Kushinagar.
  • Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University (in Chitrakoot) is the only university in world established exclusively for disabled.
  • Kanpur Leather and Tanning Industry employs more than 1 lakh of people. Belts, shoes, bags, jackets, gloves are some of the main products.
  • The wizard of Hockey, Dhyan Chand, the greatest hockey player in the history of the sport, was born in Allahabad, British India, now in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Due to huge population, GDP per capita of the state becomes very low at second last position of all Indian States (as per year 2014 GDP per capita data).
  • UP is largest producer of foodgrains and oilseeds in country. It leads all the states in production of wheat, maize, barley, gram, sugarcane and potatoes.
  • Muradabad is famous for Brass handicrafts. This city is also called Peetal Nagri. The turnover from exports only was recorded as 4000 Crores in year 2012-13.

Economic Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • The first recorded human settlement in Uttar Pradesh took place around 70 or 80 thousand years ago. They lived as hunter-gatherers and spread all across the state.
  • Main Industries of UP– Edible oil, paper, cement, aluminium, railway equipment, industrial chemicals, glassware, brass handicrafts, leather products and handlooms.
  • Varanasi (Kashi) is also called Cultural capital of India. Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city of world. Ghats of Varanasi are known for Ganga Aarti.
  • Uttar Pradesh ranks at the top in tourism. Uttar Pradesh is visited by more than 7 million international tourists each year which is highest among all Indian states.
  • Many of the great Sages of Ancient Vedic times like Bhardwaj muni, Yajnavakkya, Vasistha, Viswamitra and Valmiki are known to be related and flourished on this land.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the land of the Ganga Yamuna doab region. The two main rivers of the state; Ganga and Yamuna flow through the state before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
  • In the list of the most polluted cities in the world, India has 7 cities out of 10. Out of 7 cities, five are from Uttar Pradesh; Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Varanasi, Gurgaon, and Agra.
  • From starting U.P. was in center of Indian Politics. In political circles it is often called that road to delhi goes from U.P. (which means party who wins U.P. also gets center).
  • The village in Muzaffarnagar district named Shiv Nagar, became Snapdeal.Com Nagar after Snapdeal installed 15 handpumps in the village to help villagers avoid long walk for water.

Geographical Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • It borders along with 9 other states – Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh in north, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in west, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in south, Bihar and Jharkhand in east.
  • Banarasi Silk Sarees are very popular and has demand all over the world. More than 10 lakh people are employed directly or indirectly near the regions of Varanasi from this handloom industry.
  • During British Period this state was also called NWPA (North West Province of Agra and Oudh) which was renamed as United Province of Agra and Oudh in 1902. In short it was called United Provinces.
  • Allahabad Kumbh Mela of 2013 registered 12 Crores (120 million) human visits which holds the record of largest human gathering in world ever. This is also the largest gathering in any Kumbh mela so far.
  • Firozabad is well known for Glass Industry from ancient times. Bangles (chudi), chandeliers, vases, jars are some of the chief products manufactured. More than 50% of the manufactured items are exported.
  • The main rivers of the state are Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti and Ghagra. All these reivers except Gomti emerge from Himalayas. Gomti emerges from Gomat taal (Fulhaar jheel) in Pilibhit district of UP.
  • In 1920 the capital of province shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow while the High Court continued to be at Allahabad. In present time also most of the important administrative offices are still in Allahabad.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with over 200 million population. It makes up about 16.6% population of India. If Uttar Pradesh were a country, It would be the 6th most populous country in the World.

Historical Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • The area of the United Kingdom is equalled to that of Uttar Pradesh. The area of the U.K. is 242,495 square km and the area of U.P. is 243,290 square km (slightly bigger than the U.K.). It is the 4th largest state of India as per area.
  • Uttar Pradesh has remained the center of Sanatan Dharma and Hindu culture. The two great Epics of Ramayan and Mahabharat which were inspired by the royal family of Kosal and Hastinapur respectively are both the ancient cities of this state.
  • Uttar Pradesh is second largest state by economy in terms of GDP (Maharashtra is at 1st position). The economy of the state is driven mainly by agriculture and service sector. Uttar Pradesh shares 8.24% of total India’s GDP. (as per 2014 GDP data).
  • Uttar Pradesh boasts to have the maximum number of Lok Sabha (80) and Rajya Sabha Seats (31) among all Indian States. The state Legislative assembly is situated in the capital city of Lucknow which has 404 seats and Legislative council has 100 seats.
  • Uttar Pradesh was the main center during the period of independence struggle. Some important national leaders from Uttar Pradesh were Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malviya and Govind Ballabh Pant who represented Indian National Congress.
  • Dudhwa National Park, Lakhimpur Kheri is the only national park in the state. There are several tiger reserves and wildlife sanctuaries in the state such as Bakhira wildlife sanctuary, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary, Gonda, Saman Sanctuary, Mainpuri, etc.
  • On 6 December 1992, 16th century Babri Masjid or Mosque was demolished by Hindu hardliners in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. Since then, both communities are fighting for their holy architecture, however, the Indian Judicial system has taken this matter under its control.
  • Uttar Pradesh shares its boundary with maximum number of states of India. Uttar Pradesh touches 9 other state borders. After U.P., Assam and Chhattisgarh are two states which shares its borders with 7 other states. For details read Indian state with maximum neighbouring states.

Information About Uttar Pradesh

  • Varanasi is called the cultural capital of India. It is situated in Uttar Pradesh. The city is considered as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The city is famous for its temples and ghats of the river Ganga. The city is believed to be nearly 3,000 years old.
  • Holi in Barsana is quite different from the rest of the nation. The festival of Holi starts 15 days before the Holika Dahan and lasts more than 20 or 25 days. Apart from Holi of colours, there is lath mar Holi (Holi with batons) which is quite popular at Barsana, in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.
  • As per data from Uttar Pradesh’s Animal Husbandry department 2014-15, there are total 72 government approved slaughter houses in India. Out of these total, 38 number of slaughter houses are in Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is hence the largest meat producing, processing and exporting state of India.
  • U.P. provided 8 Prime Ministers to India – i) Jawaharlal Nehru from Phulpur, ii) Lal Bahadur Shastri from Allahabad, iii) Indira Gandhi from Rae Bareli, iv) Rajiv Gandhi from Amethi, v) V P Singh from Fatehpur, vi) Chandrashekhar from Ballia, vii) Atal Bihari Vajpayee from Lucknow and viii) Narendra Modi from Varanasi.
  • Uttar Pradesh is famous and known for its unique culture. It has a variety of dances, festivals, gatherings, music, drama, cinema, etc. Kathak is a classical dance which originated in the state. Folk music called ‘rasiya’ which is very popular in Braj. Nautanki is the folk operatic theatre performance form of the state.
  • A traditional state thali consists of Roti, Sabzi, Dal, Chawal, Achar, Raita, etc. A festive thali includes Puri, Kachauri, Sabzi, Kheer, Mithai, Raita, etc. In some places, there is a tradition to eat ‘Pan’ (Betel Leaves) after lunch. Snacks and refreshment include Samosa, Jalebi, Lassi, Gulab-Jamun, Golgappas, Chaat, etc.
  • Uttar Pradesh has been home of many legendary artists such as Naushad Ali, Begum Akhtar, Talat Mehmood, Anup Jalota, Baba Sehgal, Bismillah Khan, Shubha Mudgal, Ravi Shankar, Amitabh Bachchan, Vikash Maharaj, Kishan Maharaj, Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Gopal Shankar Misra, Siddheshwari Devi, Gopal Shankar Misra, Girija Devi, etc.
  • Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlings and considered holiest among all. The remaining other eleven jyotirlings are Somnath, Mallikarjuna Swami of Srisailam, Makaleshwar of Ujjain, Omkareshwar, Kedarnath, Bhimashankar, Trimbakeshwar, Aundh Nagnath of Maharashtra, Rameshwar of Tamilnadu, and Grishneswar of Rajasthan.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the only state which shares its border with 9 other neighbouring states; Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the northwest, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, Chhattisgarh in the southeast, Bihar and Jharkhand in the east. It also shares its international border with the neighbouring country, Nepal.

Strange Facts About Uttar Pradesh

  • The Kingdom of Kosala, one of 16 Mahajanapadas was located within the modern boundary of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala was the place where Lord Rama was born. Another Mahajanapada, Mathura was the place where Lord Krishna was born who played the key role in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. Mathura is also within the boundary of Uttar Pradesh.
  • As in 2016, the nominal gross domestic product of Uttar Pradesh is estimated at 15.79 lakh crore or $225 billion. It is the 4th largest economy in the country after Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. In terms of purchasing power parity, it is the second largest economy in India after Maharashtra. Agriculture and Service sector contribute most to the state’s economy.
  • Uttar Pradesh is also called Hindi Heartland. Notable Hindi writers from ancient and Medieval times like Kabirdas, Tulsidas, Surdas, Vishnu Sharma, Malik Mohammad Jayasi; modern writers like Prem Chand, Jaishankar Prasad, Bhartendu Harischandra, Mahadevi Verma, Harivansh Rai Bachhan, Bhagwati Charan Verma and innumerable others contributed to flourish Hindi literature.
  • On 22 March 1902, the state was named as United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. In January 1921, the state was named as the United Provinces of British India. On 1 April 1937, the state was named as United Provinces. After the Independence of India, the name of the state was changed to Uttar Pradesh on 24 January 1950. On 9 November 2000, Uttrakhand was carved out of the state.
  • Construction of Taj Mahal completed in year 1632. It was built by Shah Jahan in loving memory of her persian wife Mumtaz Mahal. The chief architect of this mausoleum was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. For this construction, Shah Jahan is better called as Mughal Architect and Taj Mahal is called as best example of Mughal Archtecture. More than 3 million people visit this site along with large number of international tourists.
  • Uttar Pradesh also boasts to have given the maximum number of Prime Ministers to the nation. It has provided 9 Prime Minister to the Nation; Jawaharlal Nehru from Phulpur, Lal Bahadur Shashtri from Allahabad, Indira Gandhi from Rae Bareli, Chaudhary Charan Singh from Baghpat, Rajiv Gandhi from Amethi, V. P. Singh from Fatehpur, Chandra Shekhar from Ballia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee from Lucknow, and Narendra Modi from Varanasi.
  • The state houses several ancient architectural buildings and UNESCO world heritage sites. The state is famous for its top tourist attractions such as Taj Mahal (One of the seven wonders of the world), Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Ghats of Varanasi, Sarnath Jain temple, Ram Janmabhoomi, Ayodhya, Krishna Janmabhoomi, Mathura, Prem Mandir, Vrindavan, the tomb of Khusrau Mirza in Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, Bara and Chhota Imambara, Lucknow, etc.
  • Hindi is the official language of the state. However, there are other languages spoken as per geographical locations. The prominent languages spoken in the state are Awadhi (spoken in Awadh region of eastern UP), Bhojpuri (spoken in Bhojpuri region of eastern UP), Braj Bhasa (spoken in the Braj region of western UP), Bundeli, Kannauji, and some other languages are prominent in the state. Urdu is also declared the additional official language.
  • Different crops are grown in different regions of Uttar Pradesh. In the north-west region, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, etc. are the main crops, and in the south-west region, wheat, rice, mango, guava, oilseed, tobacco, groundnut, potato, are the main crops. In eastern Uttar Pradesh, wheat, rice, chilli are the main crops. The state produces half of the total sugarcane of the country, this is why the state is called “Sugarcane bowl of India.”
  • Kumbh MelaThe world’s largest gathering known as Kumbh or Kumbha Mela (Fair) takes place here after every 12 years in Prayagraj or Allahabad. Millions of pilgrims come here to take a holy bath in the river Ganga from all over the world. Allahabad is one of the four holy pilgrimage sites where the Kumbha Mela is organised. In 2013, Allahabad Kumbh Mela registered 12 crores or 120 million human visits which is the largest human gathering in history.
  • Forests account for 12.8% of the total land of Uttar Pradesh. In the central region of the state, there are some forests of silver fir, spruce, deodar, chir, and oak. On the foothills of the Himalaya, and in the Terai region there grows the sal and gigantic haldu. Along the river courses, the Shisham grows in abundance. The forests near the Vindhya mountain range, there grows dhak, teak, mahua, salai, chironji and tendu. Uttar Pradesh is also rich in Fauna. A variety of fauna is found here including Tigers, Leopards, Sloth Bears, Stag, Wild Bears, Sambhars, Chital, Jackals, Jungle cats, Porcupines, Crocodile, Gharial, Hares, Squirrels, Monitor Lizards, Foxes, etc. The common birds include crow, dove, pigeon, black partridge, jungle fowl, house sparrow, peafowl, blue jay, parakeet, kite, Sarus crane, mynah, quail, bulbul, kingfisher, and woodpecker. Stag is the state animal and Sarcus crane is the state bird of Uttar Pradesh.

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