70 Amazing Facts About X-Rays

Facts About X-rays: X-ray is a type of electromagnetic radiation. X-rays for electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 1.5 to 4 nanometers are called. The wavelength of these radiations is much higher than the gamma rays and the ultraviolet ones. X-rays have a frequency range from 3x10 16 Hz to 3x10 18 Hz and have an enormous power of 100eV to 100keV.

It is also called rant gen radiation. Wilhelm Rantzen was the one who named these radiations X-Rays. According to him, these radiations were an unknown new type of radiation. Physics for this researchThe first Nobel Prize in the field was awarded to Wilhelm Rantzen.

Accelerated electrons are powerful x-rays that strike the metal and emit energetic radiation. The difference between x-rays and gamma-radiation is basically determined by the source from which they are derived. This means that X-rays are emitted by electrons and gamma radiation is emitted from the nucleus of the atom. X-rays can be divided into two types of hard and soft x-rays.

X-rays have enormous energy that can change atomic particles as they pass through the object. X-rays have the property of passing through the object smoothly and without being absorbed. Since the wavelength of these radiations is less than visible light, the formation of an unseen object can be observed through a microscope.

It is possible to determine the position of atoms in crystal using these radiations. These radiations are widely used in medical fields and in scanner airports to obtain internal images of an object as it has a high degree of passage.

70 Amazing Facts About X-Rays

Mind Blowing Facts About X-Rays

  • Diamonds don’t show up on X-rays.
  • Approximately 0.4% of current cancers in the U.S. are due to CT scans.
  • Here at St. Cloud Orthopedics, we average over 115,000 X-rays every year!
  • The term “X-ray” is used to refer to both the image itself and to the method.
  • The variant spellings of X-ray in the English language include x-ray, xray, and X ray.
  • The “X” in X-ray stands for the unknown, just as x stands for an unknown quantity in mathematics.
  • A CT scan on the chest is equivalent to being exposed to two years of naturally occurring radiation.
  • Radiation from medical imaging exposure in 2006 constituted about 50% of total ionizing exposure in the U.S.
  • X-rays remain the cornerstone of imaging techniques and account for at least 60%–80% of all diagnostic images.
  • X-rays have enough energy to ionize atoms and disrupt molecular bonds, which makes them harmful to living tissue.
  • Exposure from a dental X-ray is roughly the same as being exposed to 1 day of environmental background radiation.

Weird Facts About X-Rays

  • During World War I, X-rays were already being used for medical purposes, including locating bullets in the human body.
  • The effect of X-rays is cumulative, which means that minor doses over several years can equal a large dose at one time.
  • X-rays and radio waves (all electromagnetic radiation) travel at the speed of light in a vacuum (186,000 miles/second).
  • The Earth’s atmosphere is thick enough that almost no X-rays from outer space can make it all the way to the Earth’s surface.
  • Many objects in space emit X-rays, including black holes, neutron stars, the sun, some comets, supernova remnants, and binary star systems.
  • An X-ray delivers about 10 million times more energy than a radio wave, which gives a sense of why radio waves don’t hurt us but X-rays can.
  • A plain chest X-ray exposes a person to the same naturally occurring background radiation that a person is exposed to every day for 10 days.
  • In a 2009 Science Museum of London poll, the X-ray was voted the most important modern scientific discovery. Even penicillin came in second.
  • Young women and teenagers who had many X-rays to monitor scoliosis have been found to be at increased risk for developing breast cancer later on.
  • Pregnant women should not have X-rays except for an emergency. Exposure of the fetus to X-rays can increase the risk of the child developing leukemia.

Cool Facts About X-Rays

  • There is no threshold which radiation is considered totally safe. Even small doses of gamma and X-rays increase cancer risks, although by a small amount.
  • There is no threshold which radiation is considered totally safe. Even small doses of gamma and X-rays increase cancer risks, although by a small amount.
  • An X-ray on the spine is equivalent to 6 months of exposure to naturally occurring background radiation. ACT on the spine is equivalent to 2 years’ worth.
  • After one of his assistants working on his X-ray project showed signs of illness, Thomas Edison said, “Don’t talk to me about X-rays. I am afraid of them.”
  • X-rays were discovered by accident when German scientist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen (27 March 1845–10 February 1923) was experimenting with vacuum tubes in 1895.
  • From identifying broken bones to disease, the X-ray is one of the most useful medical advancements in history. It is also the oldest and most common form of imaging.
  • X-ray technology can be used for elemental analysis and chemical analysis, determining the materials and layers in art objects, buildings, archaeological finds, and more.
  • Special types of X-rays include mammograms, dental X-rays, contrast X-rays, fluoroscopy, and CT scans. Other imaging techniques such as MRI and ultrasound do not use X-ray.
  • The first X-ray (or roentgenogram) was of Roentgen’s wife’s hand, complete with wedding ring, in 1895. His wife was less than impressed and declared: “I have seen my death!”
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is a part of the World Health Organization, classifies X-ray and gamma radiation as a “known human carcinogen.”

Facts About X-Rays Light Waves

  • X-rays can be divided into hard X-rays and soft X-rays. Hard X-rays have higher energy and, therefore, higher penetrative ability, making them useful in medical radiography and airport security.
  • X-rays can be divided into hard X-rays and soft X-rays. Because hard X-rays have higher energy and, therefore, higher penetrative ability, they are used in medical radiography and airport security.
  • X-rays are actually visible to the dark-adapted naked eye. Additionally, it is possible to see with the naked eye the ionization of the air molecules if the intensity of the X-ray beam is high enough.
  • In 2013, two New York state men were arrested for plotting to develop a mobile X-ray machine that would be used from a distance to kill people they thought were undesirables, namely “enemies of Israel.”
  • CAT scanners can take thousands of X-rays to make up one image. While X-rays can take pictures of our bones, CT scans can take photographs of the body’s internal organs, such as the heart, liver, and kidneys.
  • After Roentgen discovered X-rays, Dr. Harvey Cushing of Harvard furthered the development of clinical X-rays that led to pioneering work in brain surgery. He would use X-rays to help him locate and remove tumors.
  • In 1999, NASA launched its Chandra X-ray, which was designed to capture X-ray emissions from hot regions of the universe to capture such spectacular images as exploding stars, black holes, and clusters of galaxies.
  • X-rays have been used to better understand our world through all manners of disciplines, including medical, forensic, astronomy, chemistry, and other sciences—from things as small as DNA to as vast as distant galaxies.
  • Wilhelm Roentgen, the scientist who discovered X-rays, was awarded the very first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. He refused to take patents out related to his discovery because he wanted humankind as a whole to benefit.
  • A recent study found that children who received a radiation dose of a least 30 mGy (milligray) from a CT scan to the bone marrow had three times the risk of leukemia compared to those who received a dose of 5 mGy or less.

Unknown Facts About X-Rays

  • X-rays have discovered very strange items in pets and human bodies, including pennies and socks swallowed by dogs, gun pellets that were accidentally swallowed, or all manner of awful items puncturing the skull or abdomen.
  • X-rays were initially thought to be safe—until scientists and others who worked with them began mysteriously dying. It was Marie Curie’s work that would lead to safety advancements in the field of radiology and radiography.
  • The scale from least dangerous (longest wavelengths) to the most dangerous (shortest) has radio waves at one end and then microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, UV radiation, X-rays, and then gamma rays at the other end.
  • In 2006, Americans were exposed to more than seven times as much ionizing radiation from medical procedures than they were in early 1980s. The increase was due in part to higher use of compute tomography (CT) and nuclear medicine.
  • The common chest X-ray can be used to diagnose pneumonia, lung cancer, or pulmonary edema. An abdominal X-ray can detect bowel or intestinal obstruction, free air, and free fluid. X-rays can also detect gallstones or kidney stones.
  • When X-rays are passed through the body, some waves pass through the tissue and turn the film black. Other waves are blocked (e.g. by bones), which leaves white shadows on the film. Each kind of tissue lets X-rays through differently.
  • The first use of an X-ray for clinical purposes was by John Hall-Edwards in Birmingham, England, on 11 January 1896, when he X-rayed a needle stuck in the hand of his associate. He was also the first to use X-rays in a surgical operation.
  • In 2011, a camera that uses X-ray technology was revealed. By way of comparison, HD cameras capture 24 frames per second. The X-ray camera can capture an unprecedented 4.5 million frames per second. It is hoped that the new invention will shed new light on matter.
  • X-radiation or X-ray is a form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation. Other types of EM radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum are microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, and gamma rays. They all travel in waves, but have different wavelengths.
  • X-rays were originally considered completely safe to the body, even though x-ray technicians would often suffer burns. The first person to die from x-ray radiation exposure was Thomas Edison’s assistant, Clarence Dally, who had worked extensively with X-rays. He died of skin cancer in 1904.

Fun Facts About X-Rays

  • Rontgen had used a zinc box and a lead plate for his X-ray beams, which protected the photographic plates in his lab from being accidentally exposed. This coincidentally protected him. Other early scientists were not so lucky, and many suffered burns, radiation sickness, premature aging, hair loss, and cancer.
  • An X-ray shoe-fitting fluoroscope was common in shoe stores during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s. When a person put their foot in the fluoroscope, they were effectively standing on an X-ray tube. A shoe model for the shoe-fitting machines received such serious radiation burns that she had to have her leg amputated.
  • Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen was mystified by the radiation he had discovered when he discovered X-rays, so he temporarily called them “X-rays,” with the “x” being a mathematical symbol for something unknown. Although he objected, the name stuck, though X-rays are occasionally called Roentgen rays in German-speaking countries.
  • William Roentgen did not patent the X-ray. He did not want the use of X-rays to be limited for patients. Roentgen saw the value of his invention and wanted everyone to benefit not just doctors and scientists. Overall the use of x-rays is more widely used for different treatments and more affordable to patients because of him.
  • Emil Grubbe (1875-1960), a student at Hahnemann Medical College in Chicago, noticed that the skin from his hand would fall off after putting his hand in an X-ray machine. He suggested trying the rays on a breast-cancer patient, Rose Lee, who was diagnosed as hopeless. Her cancer shrank and seemed to remit. Radiotherapy was born.
  • European surgeons used X-rays within weeks of the discovery. They used them to find bullets and other objects within the human body. One doctor actually found a needle in a woman’s hand! The following year X-rays were used in the United State to diagnose bone fractures and a department was created at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
  • The discovery of the first cosmic X-ray source (besides the sun) occurred in 1962. Called Scorpius X-1, this extrasolar X-ray source is the strongest known source of X-ray in the sky. It is located about 9,000 light years away, in the Scorpius constellation. Today, many thousands of X-ray sources are known, though they are not as strong.
  • X-rays helped us learn more about the structure of DNA and its helix shape. This came about due to a technique called X-ray crystallography which allows X-rays to bounce off 3-D patterns of atoms using crystal lattice. During the 1950’s, a British researcher named Rosalind Franklin took the first picture that revealed the DNA structure. However, she passed away before getting credit for the discovery.
  • Barium is Frequently Used With the Test. Barium is a substance that is often used with X-rays. It is a chalky substance that you drink before they give you the X-ray. It was discovered in 1808 by a chemist named Sir Humphrey Davey. It is the 56th element on the periodic table and found to absorb the x-rays well in order provide accurate X-ray images. This enables your doctor to make an accurate diagnosis.
  • The first known human to be killed by X-rays was Clarence Dally who had spent a number of years working on Thomas Edison’s X-ray light bulb. After years of work, his hair fell out and his skin erupted in lesions that wouldn’t heal. While Edison cancelled the bulb, Dally continued working with X-rays. Burns on his hands became cancerous, and he had both of his arms amputated. He died in 1898 at the age of 39.
  • X-rays helped doctors diagnose Tuberculosis earlier on. X-rays allowed doctors to see shadows and spots on the lungs of the patient which were caused by the tuberculosis bacteria. X-rays were used for patients in the army, factories, and mines which saved many lives due to the insightful information provided. You’d be surprised, but in the early days some doctors used x-rays to burn off moles and growths on the patient’s skin.
  • During the 1920s, both men and woman sought X-ray as a way to remove unwanted hair. However, when safer, weaker X-rays only temporarily removed hair, stronger X-rays were applied. Unfortunately, patients soon experienced serious injuries, including bone loss, skin tissue scarring, disfigurements, vascular lesions, hyperpigmentation, and hypopigmentation. While the FDA banned X-ray hair removal in the 1940s, many months and years later, many previous patients developed cancers.

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