75+ Amazing Facts About Andhra Pradesh

Facts About Andhra Pradesh: Andhra Pradesh is one of the 28 states of India. Located in the southeast of India, it is the 8th largest state in the country by area. It is the 10th most populous state in India according to the 2011 census. Visakhapatnam is the largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Telugu, one of the classical languages ​​of India, is the official language of the state and the language spoken by the majority of the people.

On 2 June 2014, the northeastern part of Andhra Pradesh was divided and a new state called Telangana was formed. Thus the city of Hyderabad, which had long been the capital of Andhra Pradesh, became the capital of Telangana. However, under the Andhra Pradesh Reconstruction Act 2014, Hyderabad will remain the legal capital of Andhra Pradesh for a maximum of ten years. Within that time the new capital city of Amravati will be created and it will legally become the capital of Andhra Pradesh.

Andhra Pradesh has the 2nd longest coastline in India after Gujarat. It is bordered by Telangana to the northwest, Chhattisgarh and Odisha to the northeast, Karnataka to the west and Tamil Nadu to the south. To the east is the Bay of Bengal. Yanam, a small district in the Union Territory of Pondicherry, is located in the southern part of the city of Kakinada in the Godavari Delta of Andhra Pradesh.

Vijayawada, Tirupati, Guntur, Kakinada, Nellore and Kurnool are the other major cities in the state.

75+ Amazing Facts About Andhra Pradesh

75+ Interesting Facts About Andhra Pradesh

  • Tummalpalle mines are rich source of Uranium.
  • Andhra Pradesh was established on November 1, 1956.
  • Its capital is Hyderabad and the largest city is Hyderabad.
  • Andhra Pradesh has 175 Assembly seats and 25 Lok Sabha seats.
  • This state contributes 10 percent of India’s total fish production.
  • The Qutubshahi of Golconda laid the foundations of modern Hyderabad.
  • Signatures of Eminent Parliamentarians in Andhra Pradesh Legislature.
  • The famous diamonds Kohinoor and Pitt came from the mines of Golconda.
  • Charminar, built in Hyderabad in 1951, is the main center of attraction.
  • This state is Eighth largest by Area and 10th largest state by Population.
  • Rice is the main crop here, Andhra Pradesh is also called ‘India’s rice bowl’.
  • Prasanthi Nilyam at Puttapurthi is internationally famous ashram of Sri Sai Baba.
  • Andhra Pradesh is India’s 10th most populous state with a population of about 5 million.
  • The ratio of females to 1000 males is 993, which is more than the national ratio of 926.

Historical Facts About Andhra Pradesh

  • Statue of Lord Shiva built in the caves located in Maharaja Puram, of Vijayawada is worth seeing.
  • Agriculture is the primary driver of State’s economy and Rice is the main agricultural product.
  • The largest Tiger Reserves (by area) is Nagarjuna Srisailam Sanctuary which is in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Andhra Pradesh leads all other states in production of Tobacco with a monopoly in Virginia Tobacco.
  • Mallikarjuna Swamy temple of Srisailam (Kurnool district) is one of the twelve Jyotirlings of Shiva.
  • Maharaja Puram caves of Vijaywada containing idols of shiva and vinayak are good historic tourist spot.
  • Andhra Pradesh has two distinct regions – Coastal Andhra and Rayalseem and hence also called Seemandhra.
  • Andhra Pradesh is filled with various types of mineral deposits like raw copper, manganese, and limestone.
  • Andhra Pradesh is the first Indian state of free India which was formed on purely linguistic basis in 1953.
  • Andhra Pradesh has second longest coast line after Gujarat. For details read Coastal length of Indian States
  • Anantapur is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh by area. East Godavari district is largest by population.
  • The Andhra Pradesh Legislature has hosted the Presiding Officers Conferences in the years 1960, 1981 and 2000.

Geographical Facts about Andhra Pradesh

  • Telugu is spoken by 88.5 percent of the state’s population. Telugu is the third most spoken language of India.
  • Present Rayalseema region of Andhra got its name because of Rulers of Vijaynagar empire who have surnames “Raya”.
  • The Big Nandi Bull (of Lord Shiva) located in Lepakashi is one of the main religious attraction point of Andhra.
  • Andhra Pradesh accounts for 10% for total fish production of India while 70% of total Shrimp comes from this state.
  • The main ethnic groups of Andhra Pradesh are Telugu people, which are mainly related to the mixed race of Arya and Dravid.
  • Situated in Lepakshi village of Anantapur district, the huge statue of Lord Shiva’s Nandi is a major center of attraction.
  • Main festivals of the state – Ugadi (telugu new year), Makar Sankranti, Dasara, Vinayak Chaviti, Deepavali, Attla Taddi etc.
  • Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple located in Srisailam is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. It is called Kailash of the South.
  • Amravati is proposed as the new Capital, till then Hyderabad will remain capital of both Andhra and Telangana for about 10 years.
  • Krishna and Godavari are the major river system of the Andhra Pradesh. Godavari is the largest and the broadest river of South India.
  • The magnificent Falaknuma palace of Hyderabad was built by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra in year 1893. It was later turned to a luxary hotel.
  • The Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Andhra Pradesh legislative Assembly have been organised for a period of one year from 3rd December, 2005.
  • The highest peak is Arma Konda which rises 1680 m above sea level. This is not only the highest peak of Andhra Pradesh but also of Eastern Ghats.
  • Literacy rate of Andhra Pradesh is 67.4 % which is much below the national average of 74.04 %. Andhra Pradesh is 5th most illiterate state of India.
  • Rashtrapathi, the first Citizen of India addressed the Members of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from the Floor of the House on two occasions.

Social and Cultural Facts about Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh is also called as Ratna Garbha of India. Its resources estimates to 110M tonnes of industrial grade minerals and 200M tonnes of building materials.
  • Folk Dances of Andhra – Ghatna Mardala, Natakam, Burrakatha, Buttabommalu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Dhimsa and Chindu are the popular folk dances of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Andhra Pradesh is known as Koh-i-Noor of India and there are many places to visit in the state. It is famous for its rich natural resources, rivers, historical monuments, etc
  • Tirupati in Chittor district is of the most famous holy cities of India. The main temple is on top of a hill Tirumala. Lord Venketaswara’s diety is revered in Tirupati temple.
  • After Operation Polo, which lasted 5 days, which was fully supported by the people of Hyderabad State, in 1948 Hyderabad State was forced to become part of the Republic of India.
  • Classical Dances – Kuchipudi is the popular classical dance form of this state. Andhra Natyam, Bhamakalapam, Veeranatyam are other classical dances which is practiced in this state.
  • On 14th July, 2004, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam gave an inspiring address at the AP Legislative Assembly, suggesting ten short-term missions for the prosperity of rural areas in the State.
  • A twenty two feet tall bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi, in a posture of meditation, was erected in front of the Old Assembly building on 15th August, 1998, 51st Independence day of our Country.
  • The main place of attraction is “Charminar” which was built in 1951 by Mohammad Qutub Quli Shah. Some other important places are Salar Jung Museum, Health Museum, Birla Mandir and Mecca Masjid.
  • The other important religious places are Sriramachandra Swamy temple of Bhadrachlam, the Mallikarjuaswami temple of Srisailam. Ahobala temple, Srikumaram temple and Simhachalam temple are also famous.
  • In 1947, India became independent from the British Empire. The Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to maintain its independence from India, but the people of this region started the movement to join the Indian Union.
  • Main Agriculture Products of Andhra Pradesh– Rice (77 % of foodgrain production), wheat, jowar, bazra, millet, pulses, oil seeds, sugarcane, cotton, chili pepper and tobacco. Cashew and eucalyptus oil are produced.
  • Telugu, the official language of Andhra Pradesh, was referred to by the British as ‘Italian of the East’ because of its poetic lilt, and since, like the Italian language, most Telugu words also end with a vowel sound.
  • The climate of Andhra Pradesh is hot and humid. Southwest monsoon has a major role in determining the state’s climate. But winters are pleasant in Andhra Pradesh. This is the time when the state attracts many tourists.
  • As per States Reorganization Act of 1956, Andhra State thus came to existence by merging the Telugu dominating areas of Hyderabad state with the regions extracted out from Madras State to create new state Andhra Pradesh.

Economic Facts about Andhra Pradesh

  • One of the most powerful empires of Medieval India – “Vijayanagar Empire” prosperoused on this region. The other important empires of Medieval India which prospered in Andhra region are – Bahmani Sultanate and Qutb Shahi dynasty.
  • Andhra Pradesh borders Telangana in northwest, Chhattisgarh in north, Odisha in northeast, Karnataka in west and Tamilnadu in south. Yanam which is a part of Union Territory of Puducherry is located in the east and is landlocked.
  • On 28th June, 1978 Dr. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, the then President of India, addressed the Hon'ble Members of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, giving a call to the Members to strive for the development of the State from the grassroot level.
  • Araku Valley is a famous hill station which is rich in biodiversity and has coffee plantations and waterfalls. It is a beautiful tourist destination which attracts a large number of tourists every year. Horsley Hills is also a famous hill station.
  • Thimmamma marrimanu– The world’s highest banyan tree and in 1989, this tree was also included in Guinness Book of World Records. The branch of this tree is spread over 5 acres. This tree is 35 kilometers from Kadiri and 100 kilometers from Anantapur.
  • Lambasingi (or Lammasingi), a village in the Chintapalli Mandal of Visakhapatnam district is situated at a 1,000 meters above the sea level. It is the only place in South India which has snowfall and is also nicknamed as the Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly is a pioneer in implementing innovative initiatives using Information Technology. The concepts of Live telecasting, web casting of proceedings, and digitalization were initiated by the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
  • With a canopy of 19,107 sq. m., and branches spread over 8 acres, Thimmamma Marrimanu, a banyan tree in the Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh, holds the Guinness record of being the largest banyan tree in the world. The record that was set in 1989, still remains to be broken.
  • Three out of 13 Indian presidents – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1962–1967), Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1969) and Neelam Sanjiva Reddy – came from Andhra Pradesh, This gives the state the distinction of having given the country the most number of Presidents in its history as a free nation.

Information About Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh has one of the largest sweet water lake of India, which is Kolleru Lake and it is situated between Krishna and Godavari delta. This is a wildlife sanctuary. There are many religious and pilgrimage sites, such as the Tripura every year, millions of pilgrims visit this temple.
  • Tirumala Tirupati: The residence of Lord Venkateswara is one of the world’s second most prosperous and most famous religious temples. This temple is also one of the 108 Divyadamas dedicated to Lord Vishnu.Every year Brahmotsav is also organized, in which about 5,00,000 devotees participate.
  • The Telugu cinemas industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production facility in the world.Not only this, D. Ramanaidu, a prolific film producer from the state holds the Guinness Record for the most number of films produced by a person. He produced around 150 movies in 13 languages.
  • A small town in Guntur district, Amaravati has a 2,000-year-old heritage, making it one of the oldest places in Indian history. It was the capital of the Satavahanas during the 2nd and 3rd century BC, and after the fall of kingdoms like Pallava, was captured by Britishers. It also houses many old Buddhist sculptures.
  • A few km from Hyderabad and in the sea, in the state of Andhra Pradesh lies the Nagarjunakonda island, believed to have been formed after a mountain was submerged into the sea. Today, it is a place of Buddhist learning. The island also has the most beautiful waterfalls in the country, and is a breeding ground for crocodiles.
  • Lepakshi: It is one of the largest (length 27 feet, height 15 feet) of the world, the monolithic Nandi (Lord Shiva’s vehicle), it is situated 15 kilometers east of Hindupur and 105 kilometers from Anantapur and 120 kilometers north of Bangalore. This temple is famous for hanging pillars, which reflects the finest works of the Vijayanagar empire.
  • The Andhra Pradesh Branch of Commonwealth Parliamentary Association has organised the 8th Asia Pacific Parliamentarians' Conference from 14th to 16th November, 2000, also hosted the 14th Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Seminar from 20th to 27th October 2002, and also organised the First India Region Conference from 17th to 27th November 2004.
  • A small village in the Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh houses the lesser known, but historical Lepakshi temple. The temple has 70 pillars in all, and one amongst them has been defined by some as a ‘medieval architectural wonder’. Reason? it hangs without any support! Visitors usually test the pillar by passing objects under it. No one has been able to determine the way this was done!
  • Pingali Venkayya, the Indian freedom fighter who designed the Indian tri-colour was born in Andhra Pradesh. He came up with the design and colours of the National Flag depicting sacrifice, peace and harmony after an extensive research on flags of 30 other countries for five years. Incidentally, the town of his birth – Machilipatnam – also gave muslin cloth traded extensively by ancient greeks from the town its name.
  • With an aim to make the state the preferred destination for digital opportunities by 2020, the Andhra Pradesh government has set up the International Institute of Digital Technologies (IIDT)- India’s first digital technology institute. The one-of-a kind institute with state of the art facilities offers everything from courses in cybersecurity and data analytics, to cloud computing, and has been made with the motive of encouraging youngsters to embark on a career in the digital field.

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