40+ Amazing Facts About Assam

Facts About Assam: Assam is located in the northeastern part of India and is one of the 28 states. Its capital is Dispur. Guwahati is the capital city of the state. Assamese, Bodo and Bengali are the official languages ​​of Assam.

The state of Assam lies in the eastern part of the southern Himalayas, the valley of the Brahmaputra and Barak rivers and the adjoining hills. The state covers an area of ​​about 78,438 square kilometers. The 6 states adjoining the state of Assam and the state of Assam are called the seven sisters. These are: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya.

These seven states are connected to other Indian states by land through a small part of the state of West Bengal. This area is also known as the chisel shortcut and the chicken neck. The state of Assam also has international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh.

The state of Assam became part of India in 1826 under the Treaty of Yantapo with the British.

Assam is a major producer of tea, petroleum and silk. Assam forests are home to many rare species of animals and plants that are not found anywhere else in the world. For example, rare horned rhinos, tigers and Asian elephants live in the state's forests. Due to this, nature lovers and tourists from all over the world visit Assam to see these species.

In particular, the Kaziranga and Manas areas have been declared World Heritage Sites. In the past, the state of Assam was famous for its forest resources and forest resources. The state of forests in the state is in great question due to continuous deforestation. Assam, one of the wettest places in the world, is rich in the Brahmaputra River.

40+ Amazing Facts About Assam

40+ Interesting Facts About Assam

  • Assam’s Gondi Silk, Golden Muga, Pat and warm eri are world famous.
  • Assam is India’s 15th most populous state with a population of 31.2 million.
  • History of Assam is very ancient, Assam was called Pragjyotishpur (Ja Pragjyotich) in ancient times.
  • Assam State has its own separate state anthem. This state song was composed by Lakshmikant Bezbaruahua.
  • Bhupen Hazarika Setu, India’s longest river bridge, connects Assam with Arunachal Pradesh. It is 9.15 kilometers in length.
  • Assam can be called as Gateway to Northeast India; as it is the only State that is connected to Siliguri Corridor via NH31.
  • During the Maurya period, the western part of Assam was part of the Mauryan Empire, which probably was won by Chandra Gupta Maurya.
  • Assam shares the border with countries like Bangladesh and Bhutan and continues to remain in the spotlight due to illegal refugees.
  • After the Anglo-Burmese War of 1824-26, the British occupied the region of Assam. And that’s how it became a prominent part of the Indian kingdom.
  • The world’s second oldest and Asia’s oldest oil field is situated at Digboi, Assam. In fact, one 4th of India’s oil reserves are located in the Assam-Arakan basin.
  • People of Assam prepare alcohol in different ways and here many quality liquors are available. Alcohol is not prohibited in Assam and people also make liquor in their respective homes.

Unknown Facts About Assam

  • World’s largest tea growing state – Assam is considered the largest tea producing state in the whole world. Assam contributes more than 52 percent of the country’s total tea production.
  • Assam is the 17th largest state of India with an area of 78,438 sq km, whose border meets all the northeastern states and its international border meets Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
  • India has the most wild buffalo in Assam. Apart from this, most species of birds are also in this state. About 820 types of birds are found in Assam and about 190 species are of mammals.
  • The Brahmaputra river is said to be the lifeline of Assam. It passes through the middle of the state and the Brahmaputra river valley is about 100 kilometers wide and 1000 kilometers long.
  • A sleepy town named “Mayong,” located in the Morigaon District is famous for witchcraft and black magic. Astonishingly, the word “Mayong” is derived from a Sanskrit word “Maya,” which means illusion.
  • Languages - Assamese is the largest language spoken in Assam which is about 49 percent spoken. After this, there is a number of Bengali (27%), Hindi (6%), Bodo (5%), Nepali (2.12%), and other languages.
  • If we believe in Hindu mythological stories then the Brahmaputra river is considered to be a male. Apart from this, the Son river of Bihar state is also known as the male. This is a unique case of your kind.
  • Asia’s largest dry fish market is situated in Jagiroad, a place close to Guwahati. The market operates for three days a week and exports to countries like Malaysia, Bhutan, and few other South Eastern countries.
  • This bridge was inaugurated by our Prime Minister on 26th May. It has been renamed after Assam’s iconic singer Dr Bhupen Hazarika. The total length of the bridge is 9.15 km, making it the longest bridge in India.
  • The largest of the rhino species, the Greater One-Horned Rhino’s shrinking population is only concentrated in the Northeastern States of India, especially in Assam. One-Horned Rhino is also the State Animal of Assam.

Historical Facts About Assam

  • Though you get amazing North Eastern varieties of cuisine like thupka and momos here, this state has numerous cafes and restaurants which serve food from all parts of the country! Some also specialise in world cuisine.
  • Jatinga, a small village in the Borai hills of Assam, is famous for the phenomenon of “Bird Suicide.” For over 100 years, every winter, thousands of birds have committed suicide; the reason for which is still a mystery. Truly bizarre!
  • There are two UNESCO approved World Heritage Sites in Assam- Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. These sites are also home to many endangered species such as the Wild Water Buffalos, Hoolock Gibbon, One-Horned Rhino, etc.
  • Sualkuchi is a village in Kamrup district, which is often dubbed as the, “Manchester of Assam”, because of its huge cottage and textile industry. It is famous for producing high quality Mekhela Chadors and Gamosas which are indigenous to Assam.
  • The description of Assam is also found in the Mahabharata. According to the Mahabharata, during the Mahabharata war, there was the King Bhagadatta of Pragjyotishpur, who had supported Pandavas in the Mahabharata war on the request of Shri Krishna.
  • Assam is famous for its silks like Eri Silk, White Pat Silk, and Golden Muga Silk. These three types of silk are manufactured using worms that can survive only in Assam’s climate. Sualkuchi, a place near Guwahati produces these silks in large quantity.
  • Though Dizpur is an official capital of Assam, it is Guwahati that has all important institutes and amenities. Guwahati houses important institutes like the High Court, National Law University, Indian Institute of Technology and even police headquarters.
  • O Mur Apunar Desh (Oh My Endearing Country) is the State Song or State Anthem of Assam. It was written by Lakshminath Bezbarua and it is considered one of his finest poems. In 1927, at a conference in Tezpur, it was officially adopted as the State Anthem.
  • Assam is home to world’s biggest river Island “Majuli,” as well as world’s smallest river island “Umananda.” The river island Majuli is in the upper reaches of the river Brahmaputra (200 km from Guwahati), while Umananda is in the midst of river Brahmaputra.
  • Ranghar is a historic monument located near the town of Sibsagar. It is believed that the monument was constructed around 1744-1750 AD, thereby making it one of the oldest. The Ranghar was used by the Ahom kings as a pavilion to witness games like buffalo fights, wrestling etc.
  • Jorhat is a major city and district in upper Assam. It is widely referred to as the, ‘Tea Capital of India’. It was the last capital of the Ahom dynasty and is home to some of the oldest historical monuments of Assam. Jorhat produces large quantities of tea which is exported to different countries.

Geographical Facts About Assam

  • After independence, Assam was a large state with its capital Shillong. On the demand of different states based on culture, Nagaland in 1968 and then in 1972, Meghalaya and Mizoram were separated from Assam.After the state’s capital Shillong migrated to Meghalaya, Dispur was made the capital of Assam.
  • A sacred lamp at a Vaishnavite monastery in Jorhat district has been recognized by the Asia Book of Records, as it has been burning continuously for more than 450 years. According to sources, the lamp was first lighted in 1528 in Dhekiakhowa Bor Namghar and has been kept burning since then by the locals.
  • We all know that the major festival of this North Eastern State is Bihu. But many are not aware that Assamese celebrate this festival thrice. There are three types of Biu – Maagh Bihu (mid-January), Bohag Bihu (mid-April) and Kaati Bihu (in October). Apart from Bihu, Navratri is also celebrated with full enthusiasm in the state.
  • A very lesser-known but unique event takes place some 30 kilometers away from the Guwahati city at Dayang Belguri in Morigoan district. The three-day fest is unique in its own way; as it revives the obsolete concept of ‘Barter System’. The festival is inaugurated by the King of the Tiwa tribe and people exchange their agricultural and native products.
  • Assam State Zoo is the largest zoo in North East India, spread across 432 acres of land. It is situated in the capital city of Guwahati, and it is home to almost 113 species of animals and birds from all around the world. It attracts hundreds of visitors every day because of the large number of animals like Tigers, Himalayan Black Bears, Golden Langur etc.
  • Religion – 61% of Assam’s population is Hindu whereas 35% Muslims, 4% Christians, Buddhists, Jains and other religion. You would be surprised to know that in 2001, the Hindu population was 64% in Assam, but due to Muslim intruders coming from Bangladesh continuously, the ratio of the Hindu population has decreased. 10 districts of Assam are dominated by Muslims.
  • When railway tracks were being laid during the 18th century, oil traces were found in Digboi, which led to the first oil well being dug in the city. Because of this, Digboi is also known as the oil city of Assam. Digboi has the oldest oil well in operation. Apart from oil, Digboi is also famous for the Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, the Golf Course and its War Cemetery.

Information About Assam

  • Assam is always inextricably linked with the Kaziranga National Park, and for good reason. Kaziranga is a bonafide World Heritage Site, and it is also home to two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. It is estimated that the population of Rhinos in the park is 2,401 as of 2015. Apart from the rhinos, Kaziranga is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. It was also declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
  • The basic idea behind cruising across the shores of a river is to derive utmost pleasure, and there is no better way to cruise off the Brahmaputra coast than to board the M.V Mahabahu. It was built in Kolkata with state of the art facilities, which includes Cabins with very Assamese decor of silk panels in golden Muga, Bathrooms/showers with branded quality furnishings & fittings, Central AC with individual control and others.
  • Maa Kamakhya of Guwahati is one of the oldest temples in India. There are 51 shakti peethas in different parts of India as well as in Pakistan, Nepal & Sri Lanka. The Kamakhya Shakti Peeth is considered as the most powerful shakti peeth, as yoni (vagina) of Goddess Sati had fallen on the Neelanchal parvat i.e. the Nilgiri hills, following splitting of the Goddess dead body. Since everyone comes to this world through ‘yoni’ that is why this place is considered as the center point of creating the whole Brahmand.
  • Brahmaputra is considered to be among the most majestic rivers in the world. The Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang. It makes a very rapid descent from its original height in Tibet, and finally appears in the plains, where it is called Dihang. It flows for about 35 km (22 mi) and is joined by the Dibang River and the Lohit River at the head of the Assam Valley. Below the Lohit, the river is called Brahmaputra, enters the state of Assam, and becomes very wide—as wide as 10 km (6 mi) in parts of Assam.

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