75+ Interesting Facts About Maharashtra

Facts About Maharashtra: Maharashtra is India's third largest state by area and second only to Uttar Pradesh in terms of population. Maharashtra is bordered by Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa and Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. To the west lies the Arabian Sea.

Mumbai, Is the largest city in India and the capital of the state of Maharashtra. With a population of over 112 million and a population of about 18 million, its capital Mumbai makes it one of the most populous urban areas in India. Nagpur is hosting the winter session of the state assembly. Pune is known as the 'Oxford of the East' due to the presence of many reputed educational institutions.

Godavari and Krishna are the two main rivers of the kingdom. The rivers Narmada and Tapi flow near the borders of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. In the Rig Veda, Maharashtra is mentioned as "Rashtra", in Ashoka's inscription as "Rashtrik". Later known as "Maharashtra", noted by Huen-tsang and other travelers.

75+ Intresting Facts About Maharashtra in English

Amazing Facts About Maharashtra

  • Mumbai is called “Hollywood” of India.
  • Nashik is called the wine capital of India!
  • Nagpur is called Orange City and Heart Of India.
  • India’s first Gold Refinery is located at Shirpur.
  • The headquarter of big companies is most in Mumbai,
  • Aurangabad is called Tourism Capital of Maharashtra.
  • District collector’s was started by Shivaji Maharaj.
  • The country’s largest airport is Mumbai’s CSTM Airport.
  • The city of Nagpur is called the sub-capital of Maharashtra.
  • Shivaji Maharaj did the first invention of Navy in Maharashtra.
  • Every day 7.5 million people travel on trains every day in Mumbai.
  • Nagpur is called Tiger Capital Of India and Tiger Gateway Of India
  • Nagpur city of Maharashtra is called Winter Capital Of Maharashtra.
  • Which is Maharashtra’s largest city and the world’s fifth largest city.
  • Mumbai is the only city in India to have a National Park within a city!
  • Maharashtra today accounts for 25% of India’s total industrial production.
  • Mumbai Port and JNPT port are the two main important ports of Maharashtra.
  • Oil fields of Mumbai offshore caters to 30 % domestic demand of petroleum.
  • Lovani, Tamasha, Gafa and Mauni are the popular folk dances of Maharashtra.
  • Maharashtra is called the center of Hindi films. Most film stars live in Mumbai.

Historical Facts About Maharashtra

  • Maharashtra’s Elephant Cave and Ellora Cave were included in UNESCO World Heritage.
  • The first train in India (and Asia too) ran between Mumbai to Thane on 16 Apr 1853.
  • Navapur railway station of Maharashtra is half in Gujarat and half is in Maharashtra.
  • Mumbai which is also known as Mayanagri is popular for Film and Entertainment industry.
  • India has the largest dame of water in Maharashtra but most of them are still dry today.
  • Pimpri Chinchwad municipal corporation of Pune is the richest municipal corporation in Asia.
  • The game of Badminton was invented in Poona and was also known as Poona in the yesteryears. 
  • Kalsubai Peak (in Sahyadri range) near Igatpuri is the highest peak with an altitude of 1646 m.
  • India’s longest Sea Link Bridge is being built in Mumbai, Maharashtra, which will be 21 Km long.
  • The important caves depicting carved statues are at Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta, Kanheri and Karla.
  • India’s first film was made in Maharashtra which was made by Dada Saheb Phalke in Nashik district.
  • Mineral resources of Maharashtra – Coal, Iron Ore, Manganese, Chromite, Bauxite, Oil and Natural Gas
  • The first train in Asia was run in Maharashtra, which ran between Mumbai and Thane on 16th April 1853.
  • Nashik is also famous for its Kumbh Mela on banks of Godavari river. It is organised in every 12 years.
  • Maharashtra is the third largest state by area in India. It’s spread across 307,713 square kilometres. 
  • Famous Hazi Ali Dargah was built in year 1431 by Sayyad Haji Ali Bukhari who was originally from Uzbekistan.

Economic Facts About Maharashtra

  • Ahmednagar is the largest district of Maharashtra by area. Suburban Mumbai district is largest by population.
  • Maharashtra is a lonely state of India on which there are 2 metro cities, one in Mumbai and the other in Pune.
  • India’s first Bullet Tain is to be run between Mumbai and Ahmedabad, which is under Project Under Construction.
  • India’s first feature film was also made in Maharashtra by Dadasaheb Phalke. It's known as Raja Harishchandra. 
  • Nashik is home to the world’s largest onion market and half of the world's production happens in Nashik as well!
  • Today the Lonar lake in buldhana district was made by the collision of a meteorite, which is a lake of salt water.
  • Nagpur is a city which is not the capital of any state even though there is a branch of the Reserve Bank of India.
  • Jalgaon of Maharashtra is called the Banana City Of India and it is the 7th highest market in the world of banana.
  • The Maratha power declined after the defeat by Afghan ruler Ahmad shah Abdali in the Third War of Panipat in 1761.
  • Mumbai is the financial capital of India and headquarters of major banks, financial institutes and insurance companies
  • The Lonar Lake is the world's only saline water lake which was formed when a meteor hit that spot almost 52,000 years ago!
  • Maharashtra is also home to it’s very own natural flower plains known as the Kaas Plateau which now is a biodiversity hotspot. 
  • Mumbai’s CSTM Railway Station is the only railway station in the country which has been included in UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Geographical Facts About Maharashtra

  • This state is watered by great rivers Godavari, Bhima and Krishna which rises in Sahyadris and flow east towards the Bay of Bengal.
  • Maharashtra has always been the hub of Textile Industries, in which major cities are Solapur, Ichalkaranji, Malegaon, and Bhiwandi.
  • Maharashtra is the largest civilized state in India, where 50% of people live in cities only and 30% of them live in Mumbai and Pune.
  • Marathi people consider freedom twice a year. On August 15 and the other on September 17, when Maharashtra was liberated from the Nizam.
  • Shani Shingapur is a village in Maharashtra where there are no doors and no locks because the villagers believe that Lord Shani will protect them. 
  • Ganesh Chaturthi is the main festival of this state. Lalbaug cha Raja is most popular Ganpati idol of Mumbai and Maharastra during Ganesh Chaturthi.
  • Maharashtra borders 6 states – Gujarat in northwest, Madhya Pradesh in north, Chhattisgarh in East, Telangana in Southeast, Karnataka and Goa in south.
  • It is the home land of freedom fighters like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Savarkar, Govind Ranade, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Ferozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Naoroji.
  • The world’s largest onion market in Nashik district of Maharashtra and almost every year the production of half of the world’s onion is done by Nashik district alone.
  • In every house in Setpal village of Solapur district, you will be seen roaming the snake which lives with humans and till date no person has been snatched by the snake.
  • The state has the largest road network in the entire country and the most number of state highways in India. It contributes to about 23 percent of the state highways.

Social and Culture Facts About Maharashtra

  • Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra. Mumbai is the largest city in the country. India’s Financial and Commercial Capital. India’s economic and commercial capital is Mumbai.
  • 4 out of 12 famous Jyotirling of Lord Shiva is in Maharashtra state. These are Trambakeshwar (Nashik), Nageshwar (Aundh), Grishneshwar (Verul,Daulatabad) and Bhimashankar (near Pune).
  • Maharashtra is the home land of Maratha Empire of 18th century. This Maratha Empire included Peshwas of Pune, Bhonsle clan of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkars of Indore and Scindia of Gwalior.
  • Main Industries of Maharashtra – Chemical and allied, Electrical machinery, Petroleum and allied products, Pharmaceuticals, Engineering goods, machine tools, steel and iron industry, plastic casting,
  • Shivaji was the eminent Maratha ruler. Shivaji discovered the modern Guerrilla war. During the mid-decades of 18th century the Maratha empire was on its peak and they defeated Mughals in several wars.
  • Maharashtra was earlier known as Bombay Presidency and then as Bombay State. Under the Bombay Re-Organization Act, 1960 Maharashtra and Gujarat were formed separate states from Bombay state on 1 May 1960.
  • Famous temple of Trimbakeshwar Mahadev was built by Balaji Baji Rao. The holy pond near the temple is considered as the origion of Godavari river. This temple is located in footsteps of Brhmagiri mountain.
  • Maharashtra’s border is bigger than many countries, such as Bhutan, Slovenia, Slovakia, Mongolia, Panama, Kuwait, Ireland, Oman, Fiji, Luxembourg, there are few other countries which are smaller than Maharashtra.
  • Main Agricultural Products of Maharashtra – Wheat, rice, jowar, bajra and pulses. Cash crops like cotton, sugarcane, groundnut and cashew. Alphonso mangoes, Thomson seedless grapes, Cavendish bananas and pomegranates are top products of state.
  • Maharashtra is the richest state of India. If GDP is considered as benchmark of economy, then Maharashtra ranks on first place among all Indian states. As per year 2014 data, GDP of Maharashtra was 16.8 lakh crore. Maharashtra shares 13.4% of total India’s GDP.
  • Victoria Terminus which was later renamed as Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a proud historic railway station of Maharashtra and also a UNESCO world heritage site. It was built in year 1897 by Architect Frederick William Stevens.Interesting Facts about Maharashtra
  • Sai baba temple of Shirdi is the another most visited famous religious spot of Maharashtra. Sai baba is considered as the spiritual saint (fakir) who is devoted equally by Hindu and Muslims. Sai baba was born on 18 Sept 1835 in Pathari and died in 1918 at Shirdi.
  • Ajanta caves of Aurangabad were built in 4 century BC and represents Buddhist culture. Ellora Caves were built by Rashtrakutas during 6th and 9th century AD. In Ellora there are 12 Buddhist, 17 Hindu and 5 Jain caves each showing respective religious culture. Elephanta caves contains deities of Lord Shiva and Parvati and symbolizes Hindu culture.
  • Hutatma Chowk (Martyr’s Square) History – During the demonstrations at Flora Fountain for separate Maharashtra state and to make Mumbai as its capital, 105 protesters were killed in firing which was ordered by the then Chief Minister of Bombay state Morarji Desai. The Flora Fountain circle was later renamed as Hutatma Chowk (Martyr’s Square) as a memoir of the killed protesters.
  • Pandharpur which is known for lord Vitthala temple, is located on the banks of Bhima (Chandrabhaga) river in Solapur district. It is most important and most visited pilgrimage centre of Maharashtra. The other names by which lord Vithala is known are – Panduranga, Vithoba and Pandharinath. There are four annual pilgrimages to Pandharpur which occurs during month of 1) Ashadh, 2) Shravan, 3) Kartik, 4) Magh
  • Maharashtra is divided into five geographically distinct parts – Konkan, Khandesh, Marathwada, Vidarbha, Paschim Maharashtra. Konkan is the western coastal part. Khandesh is the North West part covering Jalgaon, Dhule and Bhusawal. Vidarbha is the eastern region covering Nagpur, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Amravati. Marathwada is the southern part of state covering Aurangabad and Nanded. Paschim Maharashtra is the most prosperous region which covers Pune, Solapur, Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur. this region is also known for its sugar factories.

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