55 Unbelievable Facts About Mizoram

Facts About Mizoram: Mizoram is one of the seven sister states in the eastern part of India. The administrative capital of the state is located at Ozwal Nagar. The main languages ​​are Mizo and English. Mizoram has a literacy rate of 5%, second only to India.

At the time of February, 19, this region became the 7th state of India. Before becoming a Union Territory in the year 19, this region was a district of the state of Assam. After the annexation by the British in 181 AD, the northern Lushai mountainous region was under Assam for some years and the southern half was under Bengal. In 18th, these two parts were merged to form a district named Lushai Hills District and placed under the administration of the Chief Commissioner of Assam.

Mizoram became a Union Territory due to the enactment of the Northeast Region Reorganization Act on the 19th. Between the Government of India and the Mizo National Front Mizoram was granted full statehood status on February 20, 19, as a result of the historic reconciliation that took place.

55 Unbelievable Facts About Mizoram

Amazing Facts About Mizoram

  • The biggest lake of Mizoram is Pala Lake.
  • Mizoram is also called as Song Bird of East.
  • The major religion practiced is Christianity.
  • Mizoram is the second least populous state of country.
  • Dimpur airport is well connected to Kolkata and Guwahati.
  • Mizoram is the second most literate state of India just after Kerala.
  • Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation).
  • Mizo is the official language, while the usage of English is also widespread.
  • Mizos are believed to have migrated to the region from China prior 300 years ago.
  • Mizoram became the 23rd state of Indian Union by carving out from Assam on 20 Feb 1987.
  • Almost 33 percent of the area of Mizoram is densely populated with dark and thick forest.
  • Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo.
  • Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. Their daily life revolved around agricultural activities.
  • The border states are Tripura, Assam and Manipur while the neighboring countries of Bangladesh and Burma.
  • The people of Mizoram play music for relaxation. They have developed a unique culture in the field of Music.
  • Main industries of Mizoram – Handlooms, rice mills, flour mills, brick making, bamboo handicrafts, sericulture.

Historical Facts About Mizoram

  • After Indian independence, the rule of local chiefs was abolished as per Acquisition of Chief’s Rights Act of 1954.
  • A vast portion of the peoples of Mizoram consists of several ethnic tribes. They are collectively referred to as Mizos.
  • Popular Crafts of Mizoram – Puans woven on traditional looms, thi-hi (amber bead necklace), Shawls, cane and bamboo work etc
  • Under British rule, Mizoram was a part of Assam Province under the name Lushai Hills district and Aizawl was its headquarters.
  • Mizoram literally means land of Mizo people or land of hilly people. The tribes residing in the Mizo hills are called as Kukis.
  • Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy, but suffers from slash-and-burn jhum or shifting cultivation, and poor crop yields.
  • Its capital city is Aizawl. Aizawl is famous for scenic beauty and high quality fresh fruits. Aizawl is a major tourist destination.
  • Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. (as per year 2014 GDP data)
  • The traditional rulers of Mizoram were sailors and were master of land and crops. They were accompanied with and agricultural expert.
  • Mizoram witnesses heavy rainfall between the month of March and September. Hence, this period is not considered suitable for tourism.
  • There is an interesting fact about Mizoram that the Tropic of Cancer passes through Aizwal, which makes it quite geographically significant as well.
  • The road system is well developed. Aizwal is connected with Silchar (in Assam) and other major towns of the state through well developed road network.

Cultural Facts About Mizoram

  • The name is derived from Mi (individuals), Zo (lofty place, for example, a slope) and Ram (land), and thus ‘Mizoram’ implies “land of the hill people”.
  • Tropical Semi-Evergreen, Tropical Moist Deciduous, Subtropical Broadleaved Hill and Subtropical Pine Forests are the common vegetation types found in Mizoram.
  • To take control on insurgency government was forced to bomb its own territory using Toofani and Hunter Jet fighters in Aizwal (Mizoram) on March 5 and 6, 1966.
  • The climate is comfortable and pleasant. During summer the temperature ranges between 20 and 30 degree Celsius, while it ranges between 7 and 21 degree Celsius during winter.
  • According to 2011 census, Mizoram had 1,036,115 people (95% of total) classified as Scheduled Tribe, the highest concentration of protected tribal people in all states of India.
  • Main Agriculture products of Mizoram – Mandarin oranges, maize, paddy, pulses, sugarcane, chillies, ginger, turmeric, potato, tobacco, banana, pineapple, passion fruit, grapes, papaya.
  • Mizoram is host to numerous species of birds, wildlife and flora. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia.
  • During pre-British era the region was divided among the local chiefs each ruling their respective tribal territories. Inter-tribal wars were common, slavery and head hunting were common practices.
  • The very famous Parshuramkund Kund dedicated to Lord Parshuram situated in Lohit district and Tawang Monastery in Kameng district attracts a huge number of devotees making it a locale with huge religious significance.
  • The Palak lake is the biggest in Mizoram and covers 30 hectares (74 acres). The lake is situated in Saiha district of southern Mizoram. It is believed that the lake was created as a result of an earthquake or a flood.

Geographical Facts About Mizoram

  • The biggest river in Mizoram is Chhimtuipui, also known as Kaladan, Kolodyne or Chimtuipui. It originates in Chin state in Burma and passes through Saiha and Lawngtlai districts in the southern tip of Mizoram, goes back to Burma’s Rakhine state.
  • Mizoram is located in southerneast part of country and landlockd with three other states – Assam in north, Manipur in northeast and Tripura in southwest. Mizoram shares international borders with two countries Myanmar in east and Bangladesh in west.
  • There are innumerable caves found in Mizoram like the Milu Puk also called the cave of skulls because a huge heap of human skeletons was found when the cave was discovered. These caves are manifested with interesting stories and are beautiful creations of nature.
  • Chapchar Kut is the famous colorful festival of Mizoram which is celebrated to mark the arrival of spring. It is observed in the month of march after completion of Jhum (cleaning of agriculture fields by burning). This festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm.
  • The cultural festivals of Mizoram are surrounding farming and cultivation. The three most important festivals are Mim Kut, Pawl Kut, and Chapchar Kut. Tourists can travel during the times when these festivals are celebrated to get a better idea about the culture of Mizoram.
  • Before the British annexation of the Mizoram (before 1895) there were about 60 local chiefs. A number of Christian missionaries were set up at that time. There was large influence of christian missionaries on society and up to now Christianity is the main religion of the state.
  • If you are fond of hills, then Mizoram can never fail to satisfy you. A total of 21 peaks of different ranges crisscross the land of Mizoram. One of the famous ranges is the Blue Mountain or Phwangpui Tland. The Blue Mountain is now a protected area under Phawngpui National Park.

Social and Culture Facts About Mizoram

  • Mizoram faces a unique problem of rats. At every 48 years a particular species of bamboo flowers after which the population of rats become tremendously high and this is referred as Rat Flood (Mautam or Bamboo Death). This rat flood destroys entire villages, crops and farm yields.
  • There was a major famine called Mautam in 1959 because of large population of rats (rat flood). A local body was formed to help aid the famine victims called Mizo National Famine Front. This group later converted to a political group Mizo National Front (MNF). This group became notorious for armed insurgency in the region.
  • Among all the states of India, Mizoram has the highest amount of space covered by forests. Around 90.68% of the area of the state is covered only by forests. Mizoram is the third highest forest cover in India with 1594000 hectares. A huge variety of vegetation is found on the land of Mizoram; bamboo is the staple of the land.
  • The textile industry and the unique weaving work of Mizoram is one of the unique aspects of Mizoram. It is an amazing thing to bring back from Mizoram as a souvenir. The weaving skills and the designs made of the shawls and local outfits are vibrant and intricate, and a huge variety is seen in the needlework and designing as well.
  • Puan is traditional dress most commonly used by Mizo women. Puanchei is another traditional dress wore by Mizo girls during festival seasons of Chapchar Kut and Pawl Kut. Zakuolaisen is a traditional blouse with chrimson stripes. Ngotekherh is another traditional puan wrapped around waist and is common attire for both men and women.
  • Pawl Kut is celebrated in the month of December after harvest. A ritual Chawnghnawt is observed during Pawl Kut festival. Mother and their children are made to sit on a platform. In this ritual mother feeds his children with eggs and meat. Meat and eggs are indispensable part of this festival and is observed in abundance in families.
  • Mizoram’s literacy rate was recorded as 92% in the 2011 census, which is a lot more than the literacy rate of India (74%). Education is very much emphasized by the population of Mizoram. Even though 60% of the population is dependent on farming, they do not compromise with the educational aspect of their people, unlike other states of India.
  • Mizoram is enriched with flora and fauna. The wildlife existing in the state will never fail to amaze wildlife photographers. It is also the ideal destination for bird watchers. One can find Mrs. Hume’s pheasant there. This is a rare bird and one will be considered quite lucky if they get a sight of it. It is named after the wife of British naturalist Allan Octavian Hume and is considered the state bird of Mizoram as well as Manipur. You can also find exotic animals like wild water buffaloes, Sumatran rhinos, and a lot more.
  • For travelling to Mizoram, you need to take the extra step of getting an Inner line permit without it no visitors are allowed to step inside the state. This special requirement is needed to stop the entry of undesirable visitors who can cause harm to the people and surroundings of Mizoram. The rules of getting the Inner line permit are different for domestic and international tourists. Domestic tourists can get it from the Lengpui airport or issue it from the Liaison Officer, the government of Mizoram from Kolkata, Silchar, Guwahati, Shillong, and New Delhi. 
  • Mizoram was initially a part of Assam and was not a single state of India. Before 1987 Mizoram was considered a union territory. On 20th February 1987 Mizoram became the 23rd state of India on making of the Fifty-third Amendment of the Indian Constitution 1986. It is India’s southernmost landlocked state and now shares its borders with the seven sister states of India. Mizoram, even after becoming a secluded state of India, held their cultural significance quite strong. It is inhabited by the Mizos and hence the name Mizoram. Other than that many other tribes are inhabiting as well.
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