60 Amazing Facts About Tripura

Facts About Tripura: Tripura is a state in India located on the north-eastern border. It is the third smallest state in India with an area of ​​10,491 sq km. Bangladesh is situated to its north, west and south while Assam and Mizoram are situated in the east.

In the year 2012, the population of this state was about 36 lakh 71 thousand. Agartala is the capital of Tripura. Bengali and Tripuri language are the main languages ​​here. The Tripuri dynasty ruled the modern Tripura region for many centuries.

Tripura was founded in the 14th century by an Indo-Mongolian tribal chief named Manikya, who converted to Hinduism. It was conquered by the British Empire in 1808, making it a self-governing royal state. It joined the Republic of India in 1956 and received statehood in 1972.

More than half of Tripura is covered with forests, which attracts nature-loving tourists, but unfortunately many terrorist organisations have flourished here who fight with the state administration from time to time for the demand for a separate state. Handloom weaving is the main industry here.

60 Amazing Facts About Tripura

Interesting Facts About Tripura

  • The oldest known name of Tripura is Kirat Desh.
  • This is the third smallest state of Indian union.
  • Chief Mineral Resources of the state – Natural Gas
  • The sericulture industry is growing fast in Tripura.
  • There are several jute factories which make gunny bags.
  • Festivals: Kharchi Puja, Ker Festival, Garia Puja, etc.
  • Handloom weaving is the single largest industry of the state.
  • Its capital city is Agartala. Agartala is one of the major towns in North-East India.
  • Tripura is named after the ‘Tipara” tribe to which the ruling kingdom of Tripura belonged.
  • Till 2012 there were only 4 districts, but after 21 Jan 2012 total 8 districts were created.
  • Main agricultural products of Tripura – Rice, sugarcane, jute, mesta, potatoes, tea and rubber.
  • Betalongchhip is the highest peak of state. It has altitude of 1,097 m. It lies on Jampui hills.
  • Unakoti Hill is a famous tourist spot which contains huge rock cut engraved images of Lord Shiva.
  • This state is geographically isolated and only one road NH 44 connects the state to rest of India.
  • The chief dominant religion of Tripura state is Hinduism. About 85.6 % of population is of Hindus.

Facts About Tripura Culture

  • Singers are usually accompanied by instruments like the sarinda, chongpreng, bamboo flute or sumui.
  • Main Folk Dances – Bamboo dance, Garia, Lebang Boomain, Hozagiri, Bizu, Haihak, Welcome, Cheraw etc.
  • The majority of people in Agartala practice Hinduism. Islam, Christianity and Buddhism co-exist along with Hinduism.
  • It is the 2nd most populous state among the North-eastern states. It has a population of more than 3.6 million people.
  • The Bengali people from the majority in the State of Tripura. The local ethnic tribes count for the remaining 31 percent.
  • Bir Chandra Manikya was the king of tripura from 1862 to 1896 and gained popularity due to his various administrative reforms.
  • Tripura is bounded by 2 states – Mizoram in east and Assam in northeast. It is surrounded by Bangladesh from north, west and south.
  • Length of international border of Tripura is 856 Km. Tripura has 5th longest international border length among Indian states lying on borders.
  • Owa festival is celebrated by the Mog community on the full moon day of Ashwin of Bengali calendar year. Men and women go to the Buddhist temple
  • Buddha Purnima Buddhist people celebrate this occasion to mark the birth, enlightenment and death of Lord Buddha. It falls in the month of April.
  • Ujjayanta Palace is not only an earlier Royal Palace but it also served as the Legislative assembly of Agartala till 2011. Presently it serves as a Museum.
  • Main Festivals of the Tripura – Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Ganga PujaRash leela, Jhulan jatra, Rath jatra, Makar Sankranti, Poush Sankranti mela, Garia puja etc.

Geographical Facts About Tripura

  • Lake Rudrsagar is the only lake in eastern India with a palace in it; Neermahal was built by Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur as a summer resort.
  • Dhalai district is the largest district in terms of area. Sipahijala district is largest by population. West Tripura district has maximum population density.
  • Since Bengalis are dominant among various ethnic groups of Manipuri, tripuri, Mizo, Kuki, Munda, Santhal, oraon etc the main culture of the state is Bengali rich.
  • Tripura is also called as Home of Bamboo. Bamboo and its associated crafts is found in day to day life and hence bamboo comes as a primary essence of culture of state.
  • It became Union territory on 1 Nov 1957 and became full fledged state on 21 Jan 1972. Two more states came to existence on this date. They were – Meghalaya and Manipur.
  • Since 1990 there are several incidents of terrorist activities by militant outfits such as ATTF (All Tripura Tiger Force) and NLFT (National Liberation Front of Tripura).
  • Tripura has high literacy rate of 87.7 % which is well above India’s average literacy rate of 74.04 %. Tripura is third most literate state of India after Kerala and Mizoram.
  • Tripura was being ruled by Tripuri dynasty and thereafter became a princely state during period of British rule and ultimately joined hands with India after its independence.
  • Tirthamukh Mela: On the occasion of Poush Sankranti a grand fair is held at Tirthamukh. Both tribals and non-tribals assemble there for paying holy tribute to their ancestors.
  • Places of Interest: (a) Lord Jagannath Temple in old Agartala, (b) Ujjayanta Palace, (c) Kali Temple at Kamala Sagar, (d) Neermahal at Rudrasagar Lake, (e) Tripura Sundari Temple, etc.

Economic Facts About Tripura

  • Tea is the major industry here. The handicraft and handloom works of Tripura are rare example of art and is demanded world-wide. The rare handcraft works of Tripura are an invitation to the visitors.
  • Before partition of East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh) the distance between Kolkata and Agartala was less than 350 Km which increased to 1700 Km after partition as the vehicles had to cover long route.
  • Kharchi festival has still linked the past with the present. It is said that this festival or puja was commenced by the royal family of Tripura when the capital of princely Tripura was at Old Agartala.
  • There were two main regions of the state during British rule – Tiperra District and Hill Tiperra. Tiperra District now comes in Bangladesh while most of the region of present Tripura is of Hill Tiperra.
  • There are several ethnic tribes in Tripura and the culture of one community differs from that of other. Yet, they have tried to stay together as one culture. Bengali culture co-exists along with the ethnic culture in Tripura.
  • The regions of the state are prone to danger of storm and cyclones. The weather is pleasant. The summer temperature ranges between 24 and 36 degree Celsius while the winter temperature ranges between 13 and 27 degree Celsius.

Historical Facts About Tripura

  • Garia is one of the major festivals of Tripuris and some other Kakborok speaking communities. Celebrated in the month of April it symbolizes devotion and prosperity. Garia is said to be the deity of benevolent spirit of household.
  • Bijhu is the biggest festival of the Chakma tribe. Beginning on the last day of Chaitra of Bengali calendar year this festival goes on for three days. Prayer to Lord Buddha, lot of festive eating, music, dance, games and sports – all these become main activities during this festival.
  • Neermahal is basically a Royal Palace which is built in a lake called Rudrasagar lake. This Lake Palace was built by king Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman in between year 1930-38. This is located in Melaghar which is 53 Km from capital Agartala. There are only 2 Lake Palaces in India, the other being Jal Mahal of Jaipur, Rajasthan.
  • OTPC – India’s energy anchor ONGC has established gas based mega power plant in Palatana, Udaipur, Gomati district. This plant has 363.3 MW capacity two number gas turbines making total installed capacity 726.6 MW. This is ONGC’s first power plant in India and largest power plant in northeast India. This plant was commissioned in year 2013.

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