70 Interesting Facts About Hudson River

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The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) long river that flows north to south in eastern New York, United States. It flows from Lake Tear of the Clouds in the Adirondack Mountains through the Hudson Valley to Upper New York Bay. It finally flows through New York Harbor. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The river forms the political border between the two states of New York and New Jersey in the south. It forms the border between some counties of New York in the north. The river is named after the Dutch East India Company. Named after the English navigator Henry Hudson, who discovered the river in 1609. Canada's Hudson Bay is also named after him.

Facts About Hudson River

Interesting Facts About Hudson River

  • The average depth of the Hudson River is 30 feet.
  • The deepest point of the Hudson River is 202 feet.
  • The entire length of the Hudson River is 315 miles.
  • The river is about 507 kilometers (315 miles) long.
  • The Hudson River is home to many different species of fish.
  • It is also known as Feldspar Brook and also Opalescent River.
  • The Hudson River is a special kind of river called an estuary.
  • The Hudson River flows through two states in the United States.
  • The water from the Hudson River flows into the Upper New York Bay.
  • The Hudson River is a river in New York state, in the United States.
  • The Hudson River was declared as a federal government waterway in 1892.
  • Henry Hudson discovered and explored the Hudson River in September 1609.
  • The Hudson River flows through some of the most populated areas in the world.
  • The two U.S. states the Hudson River flows through are New York and New Jersey.
  • Due to water pollution it’s not recommended to eat fish caught in the Hudson River.
  • The Hudson River is a watercourse that flows through the United States, North America.
  • Fishing is very popular in the Hudson River and it’s the site of many bass tournaments.

Amazing Facts About Hudson River

  • The river has been used for many purposes from trade to navigation to transportation etc.
  • One of the main water sources (headstream) of the Hudson River is Lake Tear of the Clouds.
  • Marine life is known to exist in the estuary, with seals, crabs, and some whales reported.
  • The Hudson River is most well-known for being named after English sea explorer Henry Hudson.
  • Some of the fish found in the Hudson River are bass, catfish, striped bass and yellow perch.
  • The Hudson River is divided into two sections, the Upper Hudson River and the Lower Hudson River.
  • About 220 species of fish, including 173 native species, currently are found in the Hudson River.
  • Largemouth and smallmouth bass are also found in the Hudson River, but they aren’t native species.
  • The widest point of the river is at Haverstraw Bay and it stretches for approximately 5 kilometers.
  • The river is overlooked at Manhattan by Fort Tryon Park with the Cloisters, and the World Trade Center.
  • The Hudson River has a large volume of water pollutants from decades of urban runoff and water discharges.
  • Despite being smaller in size as compared to other rivers in America, it is still one of the most important rivers.
  • Most part of the river flows in New York State but its final segment forms the boundary between New York and New Jersey.
  • This river’s valley played an important role during the French and Indian war in 1750s and the American Revolutionary war.

Geographical Facts About Hudson River

  • The major tributary of Hudson River is the Mohawk River which forms one of the most important waterways of the United States.
  • George Washington made his headquarters at Newburgh, along the west bank, in 1782 and later disbanded the American armies from there.
  • Practical steam navigation was begun by inventor and engineer Robert Fulton in 1807, and the river quickly became a major commercial route.
  • It is believed that an Italian explorer named Giovanni da Verrazano first sailed this body of water in the 1500s much earlier than Henry Hudson.
  • A 48-kilometer (30-mile) stretch on the east bank of the Hudson has been designated the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark.
  • The Dutch called the river the North River – with the Delaware River called the South River – and it formed the spine of the Dutch colony of New Netherland.
  • The river is overlooked at Hyde Park by the home of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site – a historic house museum.
  • One of the worst polluters of the Hudson River was General Electric. Between 1947 and 1977, GE dumped tons of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) into the Hudson River.
  • The Hudson River flows through the eastern part of New York state and serves as a political boundary between the states of New Jersey and New York at its southern end.
  • It flows almost entirely within New York state – the exception being its final segment, where it forms the boundary between New York and New Jersey for 34 km (21 miles).
  • The river is named after Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who explored it in 1609, and after whom Canada’s Hudson Bay is also named.

Historical Facts About Hudson River

  • During the 18th century, the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving, the first internationally acclaimed American author.
  • In the 19th century, the area inspired the Hudson River School of landscape painting, an American pastoral style, as well as the concepts of environmentalism and wilderness.
  • The Walkway over the Hudson is a steel cantilever bridge spanning the Hudson River. At a length of 2,063 meters (6,768 feet), it is the world’s second longest pedestrian footbridge
  • Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed a short distance upstream for King Francis I of France in 1524, and became the first European known to have entered the Upper New York Bay.
  • A strategic waterway during the American Revolution, the Hudson was the scene of numerous battles, including the decisive American victory at Saratoga and the naval battle of Tappan Zee.
  • Ellis Island, partially belonging to both the states of New Jersey and New York, is located just south of the river’s mouth in New York Harbor. The Statue of Liberty, located on Liberty Island, is located a bit further south of there.
  • The lower half of the river is a tidal estuary, deeper than the body of water into which it flows, occupying the Hudson Fjord, an inlet which formed during the most recent period of North American glaciation, estimated at 26,000 to 13,300 years ago.
  • The Atlantic sturgeon, a species about 120 million years old, enter the estuary during their annual migrations. The fish grow to a considerable size, up to 15 feet (4.6 m) and 800 pounds (360 kg). The fish are the symbol of the Hudson River Estuary.
  • The Hudson River was the location of an emergency commercial airplane landing known as the Miracle on the Hudson. Pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles ditched an Airbus A320 on the river and saved all 155 passengers and crew on January 15th, 2009.
  • The opening of three canals during the 19th century (the Erie, the Delaware and Hudson, and the Champlain) linked the river with the Great Lakes and the Delaware and lower St. Lawrence river valleys. It was thus a key factor in the growth of the Midwest as well as of New York City.
  • The river was called Ca-ho-ha-ta-te-a (“the river”) by the Iroquois, and it was known as Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk (“river that flows two ways” or “waters that are never still”) by the Mohican tribe who formerly inhabited both banks of the lower portion of the river. The meaning of the Mohican name comes from the river’s long tidal range.
  • The source of the Hudson River is Lake Tear of the Clouds in the Adirondack Park at an altitude of 1,317 meters (4,322 feet). The river flows through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City. It eventually drains into the Atlantic Ocean at New York Harbor (one of the largest natural harbors in the world).

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