130 Scary Facts About Lakes That you don't Know

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A lake is a body of water that is not part of an ocean. Ponds are a major source of water storage. Ponds can be artificial or natural. While creating an artificial pond, soil is dug and pitted. Excavated soil is taken out and made with it. In order to fill this lake when it rains, arrangements are made to bring water from the surrounding area.

Facts About Lakes

Scary Facts About Lakes That you don't Know

  • There are millions of lakes in the world.
  • Lake Tanganyika has a length of 410 miles.
  • Lake Superior covers around 31,700 square miles.
  • Clear water can create stunning optical illusions
  • Lake Baikal holds around 5,670 cubic miles of water.
  • A lake is a body of water that is surrounded by land.
  • Lakes are home to wide range of fish and aquatic plants.
  • Collectively, the Great Lakes cover 94,250 square miles.
  • But Canada has Finland beat, with almost 2 million lakes.
  • A lake is a body of water that that is surrounded by land.
  • Natural lakes are fed by rivers, streams or precipitation runoff.
  • Lakes are important both for economical value and recreational value.
  • The largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area is Lake Superior.
  • An example of a lake being called a sea is the Dead Sea in the Middle East.
  • Wreckage from around 6,000 shipwrecks rest on the bottom of the Great Lakes.
  • Lake Baikal in Siberia contains around 20% of the world's surface fresh water.
  • The depth and water volume of a lake can change greatly throughout the seasons.
  • Droughts and human activity have caused some lakes to dry up and disappear forever.
  • The largest freshwater lake in the world by volume is Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia.
  • According to a count made in 2014, there are around 117 million lakes on planet Earth.

Interesting Facts About Lakes in The World

  • The largest group of freshwater lakes in the world is the Great Lakes in North America.
  • Lakes are typically filled with freshwater, but there are some lakes that are saltwater.
  • Lake Baikal contains more freshwater than all of the North American Great Lakes combined
  • About 76% of all the lakes in the world are smaller than the size of two football fields.
  • Hitler had a crazy plan for Moscow: to kill all its residents and replace it with a lake.
  • The largest freshwater lake in the world by length is Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania, Africa.
  • The world's deepest lake, Lake Baikal, reaches a depth of 5,000 feet at it deepest points.
  • There are 117 million lakes on Earth, covering 3.7 percent of the continental land surface.
  • The Great Salt Lake, in the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest saline lake in North America.
  • Most lakes are relatively small – 90 million lakes are less than two football fields in size.
  • An example of a lake with saltwater the Great Salt Lake in Utah, United States, North America.
  • An example of a lake with freshwater is Lake Michigan in the Midwest United States, North America.
  • The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia, it is 1,637 m at its deepest point.
  • Most lakes lie low — 85 percent are at elevations less than 1,600 feet (500 meters) above sea level.
  • The South Pole's Don Juan Lake is so salty that it doesn't freeze, even during Antarctica's winters.

Geographical Facts About Lakes In The World

  • Finland has the nickname ‘Land of the Thousand Lakes’ as there are over 187,000 lakes in the country.
  • The Great Lakes were named "Great" due both to their size and because they contain so much fresh water.
  • Although it is Michigan's largest inland lake, Houghton Lake has an average depth of fewer than 9 feet.
  • A manmade lake or artificial lake is a body of water created by humans and typically called a reservoir.
  • The U.S. state of Minnesota is nicknamed “The Land of 10,000 Lakes” because of the number of glacial lakes.
  • The longest lake in the world is Lake Tanganyika in Africa at 660 km and it is also the second deepest lake.
  • The majority of lakes on Earth are fresh water, and most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher latitudes.
  • Reservoirs are used by humans as a source of drinking water, power generation and/or recreational activities.
  • Limnologists are people who study inland waters - lakes, reservoirs, rivers, streams, wetlands, and groundwater.
  • Due to drought and increased irrigation, Mongolia has lost approximately 100 of their lakes in just two decades.
  • The Great Lakes shared by the US and Canada include 5 lakes and contain around 21% of the world's freshwater supply.
  • A majority of the world's lakes are located in just four countries: Canada, Finland, Russia, and Sweden—plus Alaska.
  • In addition to being the deepest and the largest freshwater lake, Lake Baikal in Siberia is also the world's oldest lake.
  • The world's most isolated fish, the golden catfish, lives in the waters of the subterranean Aigamas Cave lakes in Namibia.

Unbelievable Facts About Lakes In The World 

  • The lowest lake in the world is the Dead Sea, on the edge of Israel and Jordan. The surface level is 418 m below sea level.
  • They are found on every continent and in every kind of environment—in mountains and deserts, on plains, and near seashores.
  • Once formed, lakes do not stay the same. Like people, they go through different life stages—youth, maturity, old age, and death.
  • Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes and has the largest surface area of any freshwater lake in the world at 82,000 km².
  • The waters of Greece's Melissani Lake are so clear that boats on its surface sometimes look as though they are floating in the air.
  • The highest lake in the world is the crater lake of Ojos del Salado, on the border of Chile and Argentina at 6,390 m above sea level.
  • The first Europeans to discover the Great Lakes named them the "Sweetwater Seas." They believed that China bordered their far shores.
  • The water in New Zealand's Frying Pan Lake stays between temperatures of 113 to 131 degrees Fahrenheit (45 to 55 Celsius) year-round.
  • The largest fish found in lakes is the sturgeon, which can grow to 6 meters (20 feet) and weigh more than 680 kilograms (1,500 pounds)!
  • Lake Chad was one of the largest lakes in Africa. However, between 1963 and 1998 activities by humans caused Lake Chad to shrink up to 95%.
  • By the 1990s, Russia's Lake Karachay had been so heavily polluted by nuclear waste that an hour's worth of exposure to it could kill a human.
  • Because Oregon's Crater Lake is located high in the Cascade Mountains, it is often obscured from view by clouds that cover the lake's surface.
  • At an average depth of nearly 2,000 feet, Oregon's Crater Lake is the deepest lake totally within the borders of the continental United States.

Unique Facts About Lakes

  • Lakes that are created by volcanic activity are called volcanic crater lakes. An example of a volcanic crater lake is Crater Lake in Oregon, USA
  • Utah's Great Salt Lake covers more area than Delaware and Rhode Island combined, and it is the largest saltwater lake in the Western Hemisphere.
  • Lakes with such a high salt content that a person can float on the surface include the Dead Sea in Israel/Jordan and the Great Salt Lake in Utah.
  • Lakes vary greatly in size. Some measure only a few square meters and are often referred to as ponds while others are so big that they are called seas.
  • "Lake bagging" is a sport invented by Oregon hikers in the 1980s, in which competitors try to "bag" the most lakes by hiking to and then swimming in them.
  • The largest human-made lake in the world is Lake Kariba. This 170-mile-long lake was created to provide electricity for the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  • Lakes that have been around for a very long time are called ancient lakes. An example of an ancient lake is Lake Tahoe, which is around two million years old.
  • Italy's Lake Como has been a filming site for several major movies, including Ocean's Twelve, Casino Royale, and Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones.
  • Lakes were discovered on Titan, Saturn’s largest moon. The Cassini–Huygens spacecraft took photographs of lakes containing liquid ethane on the surface of Titan.
  • Canada has an estimated 31,752 lakes larger than 3 square kilometers (1.2 sq mi) and an unknown total number of lakes, but is estimated to be at least 2 million.
  • Underwater lakes are formed when salty brine that is too dense to mix with surrounding seawater pools together in amounts large enough to be classified as a lake.

Mind-Blowing Facts About Lakes 

  • The capital city of Tenochtitl├ín, inhabited by the Aztecs in the 1500s, was built on a series of islands in a massive saltwater lake in what is now central Mexico.
  • Although not everyone agrees whether it is a lake, the Caspian Sea is considered by many to be both the world's largest salt lake and the world's largest lake, period.
  • There are three basic ways that limnologists classify lakes: how many nutrients lakes have, how their water mixes, and what kinds of fish live in them, speaking of fish…
  • Many lakes, especially those in the Northern Hemisphere, were formed by glaciers that covered large areas of land during the most recent ice age, about 18,000 years ago.
  • Onondaga Lake, located in New York state, was so heavily polluted during the 19th century that residents were banned from using it for ice harvesting, swimming, or fishing.
  • In 2003, the British Broadcasting Corporation used 600 sonar beams and satellites to scour the waters of Lake Ness in Scotland for evidence of the Loch Ness Monster—but found nothing.
  • The term lake and sea are sometimes used to define the same body of water, but they are different. A sea is a body of water that is open to the ocean, while a lake is surrounded by land.
  • Although multiple attempts have been made, the remains of the passengers of Northwest Airlines flight 2501, which crashed into the depths of Lake Michigan in 1950, have never been found.
  • The world’s highest lake, if size is not a criterion, may be the crater lake of Ojos del Salado, at 6,390 meters (20,965 ft) above sea level. It is small lake about 100 meters (330 feet) in diameter.
  • Water in most lakes flows in and out through rivers and streams. Lakes that only lose water by evaporation, where water goes back into the atmosphere or underground seepage are called endorheic lakes.

Historical Facts About Lakes 

  • In 1986, CO2 from volcanic vents under the surface of Lake Nyos in Africa formed into an expanding cloud that spread into the nearby village of Nyos, killing all but six residents—roughly 1,700 people.
  • There are no official or scientific differences between lakes and ponds. Lakes are larger than ponds, but size is relative. What would be considered a pond in one region might be considered a lake in another.
  • Because its high levels of brine and methane kill almost any lifeform that ventures into it, an underwater lake 3,300 feet below the Gulf of Mexico has been christened by scientists as the "Hot Tub of Despair."
  • The chemical contamination of the Blue Lagoon, a lake in Derbyshire, caused the water to be such a beautiful shade of blue that the county finally had to dye the water black to prevent people from swimming in it.
  • Lake Texcoco, located on the outskirts of Mexico City, has been drained almost entirely dry, in an attempt to create massive stretches of farmland. Unfortunately, the soil beneath was too salty for anything to grow.
  • It has only been 20 years since the non-native quagga mussel was accidentally introduced into Lake Michigan, but experts say that the entire bottom of the 100-mile-wide lake is covered by trillions of these mussels.
  • Lake Baikal is also the deepest lake in the world. It is 1,642 meters (5,387 ft) at its deepest point. It is considered among the world’s clearest lakes and is considered the world’s oldest lake — at 25 million years.
  • Russia’s Ministry of Natural Resources gives an official count of 2,747,997 lakes in Russia. 98% of these lakes, the ministry says, are less than 1 square kilometer (0.38 miles), and less than 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) deep.
  • There are dozens of legends about lake monsters living in various lakes around the world, and, although none of them have been proven, their supporters have repeatedly taken steps to secure legal protection for such creatures.
  • A crater lake is a lake that forms in a volcanic crater or caldera. Lakes located in dormant or extinct volcanoes tend to have fresh water, and the water clarity in such lakes can be exceptional due to the lack of inflowing streams and sediment.
  • Because of the presence of life in Lake Vostok, a subglacial Antarctic lake with an average temperature of -89 degrees Fahrenheit, some take the lake as evidence that there could be life on planets previously thought to be too cold to sustain any.

Random Facts About Lakes 

  • Lake Titicaca located on the border of Bolivia and Peru at an altitude of 3,812 meters (12,507 feet), is the highest commercially navigable body of water in the world. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.
  • Meteorite lakes also known as crater lakes, are lakes created by catastrophic extraterrestrial impacts by either meteorites or asteroids. Examples of meteorite lakes are Lonar crater lake, India, Lake Elgygytgyn, and Pingualuit crater lake, Quebec, Canada.
  • Lake Superior is the largest of North America’s Great Lakes. It is generally considered the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. The surface area of Lake Superior is 82,170 square kilometers (31,700 square miles). That is 10% of all the earth’s fresh surface water.
  • Lake Baikal located in southern Siberia is is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22–23% of the world’s fresh surface water. With 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,670 cu mi) of fresh water, it contains more water than the North American Great Lakes combined.
  • Lake Vostok is the largest of Antarctica’s almost 400 known subglacial lakes. Lake Vostok is about the same size as Lake Ontario, and even has an island in the middle of it. On top of the lake is an icecap 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) thick. The ice actually insulates the water, preventing it from freezing.
  • Finland has 187,888 official lakes that each have an area of over 500 square meters (5,380 square feet). Approximately 56,000 of these lakes have an area of over 10,000 square meters (107,640 square feet). Finland has one of the highest densities of lakes and is often referred to as the land of the thousand lakes.
  • All lakes are either open or closed. If water leaves a lake by a river or other outlet, it is open. All freshwater lakes are open. If water only leaves a lake by evaporation, the lake is closed. Closed lakes usually become saline (salty). This is because as the water evaporates, it leaves behind solids—mostly salts.
  • Lake Hillier is a pink-coloured lake on Middle Island in Western Australia. The reason of its pink color is still a topic that is not fully understood by scientists, although most suspect it has to do with the presence of the Dunaliella salina microalgae. But the presence of red halophilic bacteria in the salt crusts could be another explanation.
  • The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It sprawls for 1,030 kilometers (640 miles) from north to south, although its average width is only 320 kilometers (200 miles). The sea has a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,200 square miles).
  • The Plitvice Lakes are a series of 16 lakes connected by waterfalls. The lakes are located inside Plitvice National Park, the largest national park in Croatia. The lakes are renowned for their distinctive colors, ranging from azure to green, grey or blue. The colors change constantly depending on the quantity of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight.
  • Once formed, lakes do not stay the same. Like people, they go through different life stages—youth, maturity, old age, and death. All lakes, even the largest, slowly disappear as their basins fill with sediment and plant material. The natural aging of a lake happens very slowly, over the course of hundreds and even thousands of years. But with human influence, it can take only decades.
  • Jellyfish Lake is a marine lake located on Eil Malk island in Palau. The lake that was cut off from the ocean became the perfect setting for a jellyfish explosion. Feeding on quick-growing algae and with no predators to keep them in check, the jellyfish now completely pack the small lake. Millions of golden jellyfish migrate horizontally across the lake daily. Visitors can swim with the jellyfish, because they are harmless.
  • The Dead Sea, also known as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It is the world’s lowest lake at 418 meters (1,371 ft) below sea level. Although its name implies otherwise, the Dead Sea isn’t actually a sea at all. It’s really a lake. In fact, it’s a hypersaline lake, which means it’s a landlocked body of water with a high concentration of sodium chloride and other mineral salts.
  • Located in in the northern reaches of New Zealand‘s Southern Alps, Blue Lake — also known as Rotomairewhenua — holds the title of the world’s clearest lake. Scientific tests carried out in 2011 by New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) showed Blue Lake to be the clearest natural body of fresh water known to man. According to the NIWA research results, visibility in the lake is up to 80 meters (262 ft) – meaning the water is considered almost as “optically clear” as distilled water.

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